Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (Dublin 1854 - Paris 1900) was an Irish writer and poet. His father was a famous eye surgeon and his mother a poet and Irish nationalist.
He was educated at home until the age of nine. After that, he went to the famous Trinity College in Dublin and later studied in Oxford. There he was influenced by Ruskin and started to have an important role in the Aesthetic and Decadent movement of the time. He was an excellent student and received awards and scholarships.
He wrote some well-known children's stories and an extremely successful novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, which was considered a milestone in the Aesthetic movement. It is the story of a handsome young gentleman who, at the beginning of the novel, is quite innocent and naïve. After meeting the decadent Lord Henry Wotton, who, soon becomes his great friend, he gradually begins to lead an immoral and dissipated life. Basil Hallward, his best friend, paints a wonderful portrait of him, but Dorian suddenly kills him. As the years pass by, Dorian remains young and beautiful, whereas his portrait becomes old and ugly, until he hates the picture so much that he decides to destroy it.