Writing Process & 7 Traits of Writing Presented by: Kaylee Nelson

The Writing Process

The Writing Process is a method that helps students break writing down into stages in order to better their writing. This process allows students to develop their writing over time.


  • This stage allows students to write down their thoughts and ideas before writing. This is also a time to for students to try out new ideas and experiment with these different ideas.
  • Example of pre-writing: making outlines, concept maps, and brainstorming

Stage 2: Drafting

  • This stage in writing is when students put all their ideas onto paper. These ideas and thoughts don't necessarily need to be organized because it is the rough draft stage.
  • Techniques of drafting: write down what comes to mind, start with the easier sections first to avoid writer's block, and use the ideas from the pre-writing stage as a guide.

Stage 3: Sharing

  • Stage three is when the student shares their work and gets feedback on it. The students get an outside perspective on their writing and get tips on how to improve it.
  • Example of sharing: peer-editing

Stage 4: Revising

  • In this stage, the students use the comments from the sharing stage to make changes to their paper. These are changes such as adding things, moving things, and cutting things from the paper.
  • Techniques of revising: writing revisions in a different colored pen and using sticky notes to switch around ideas.

Stage 5: Editing

  • In this stage, students take care of problems with writing conventions such as spelling, grammar, punctuation, and usage. These are more minor changes than in the revising stage.
  • Examples of editing: reading the paper out loud and switch papers with another student to look for errors.

Stage 6: Publishing

  • Publishing is the stage when the piece of writing is ready to be read and enjoyed by the public.
  • Examples of publishing: putting the paper in a newspaper, publishing the paper in the magazine, and putting the paper on display at school.

Stage 7: Assessing

  • The last stage in the Writing Process is assessing. This stage involves the student rereading their paper after a while and writing down thoughts about it.
  • Examples of assessing: reflecting on the paper and using the Six Traits to analyze the work.

Traits of Writing

Originally known as the 6 Traits of Writing, the 6 + 1 Trait Writing Model comprises 7 qualities that define quality writing.


This trait is the main message of the piece. It is the main theme put together with all the supporting details. The writer makes sure to put in important and interesting details that are not already known.


Organization is the overall structure of the writing. This consists of logically sequenced events, a closing resolution, and the answering of important questions.


This trait is when the writer's voice comes through the words of the writing. The tone and the feelings of the writer are felt and heard throughout the story.

Word Choice

Word choice is the use of language that is rich and colorful. It not only serves a functional purpose but engages and enlightens the reader. This is not just choosing exceptional vocabulary but rather the wonderful application of everyday words.

SEntence Fluency

This trait covers the flow of the writing. Sentence Fluency is how the language and words flow and sound while reading. The flow has a certain cadence and rhythm to it that moves the reader through the writing with ease.


There are many elements that are included in conventions such as: spelling, capitalization, grammar/usage, punctuation, and paragraphing. This trait deals a lot with the editing portion of the writing process and making sure that the writing is proofread.


The last and newest trait is both vial and textual. It includes neatness, handwriting, and the overall presentation of the piece of writing. Presentation is the key to a polished piece of writing that is ready for publication and also aligns with the publishing portion of the writing process.

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