Ancient Indian Religion Chapter 9 Lesson 2

Hinduism is one of the religions of India. They belive there is one universal spirit callled Barahman. Eventually, they split the Barahman in to three different parts. Brahma, the creator, Vishnu, the preserver, and Shiva, the destroyer. They also believed in reincarnation.

People Studying Reincarnation

In Hinduism, the people belive in karma and dharma. They belive, if the person lived a good life, they were to be put into a higher area of society.

Here are some definitions from this lesson.

Hinduism: A religion that believes in one universal spirit.

Brahman: The one universal spirt that Hindus believe in.

Reincarnation: The rebirth of the soul in a different body,

Karma: The idea that what happens to you in this life, happens because of your actions in your previous life.

Dharma: The idea that people's duties differ because of their place in society.

Buddhism: A religion that taught the people life was full of suffering and to not be greedy and angry.

Nirvana: A place of spiritual happiness and emotional peace for Buddhist.

Jainism: A religion tha practices nonviolence to all living things.

Buddhism is another religion that existed in India. It was started by Siddhartha Gautama. He was a wealthy prince until he saw all the poverty and death of the world. He gave up everything he had and went to meditate.

Siddhartha Gautama or Buddha

He had followers who he taught the Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Path. He said when they were free from all earthly troubles, they would reach nirvana.

Statue of Buddha

There are two types of Buddhism. One type is called Theravada Buddhism which they belive that Buddha was a teacher and not a God. Mahayana Buddhism said that the Eightfold bath was too hard for the people to follow. So they worship Buddha as a God so they will go to Heaven when they die and there they could follow they eightfold path.

A Jainist Man

Another religion in India was Jainism. It was started by a man named Mahavira. He was a wealthy man until his parents died. He gave up his wealth and property and began to live on the streets and beg for food. He became known as Jina and his followers Jains. They believed out shouldn't wish for earthly things.

Mohandas Gandhi

The Jainists believed in ahimsa which is the practice of not hurting any living thing. Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. did in r protesting against certain things.

The End


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