During the nineteenth century many towns and cities in Britain grew at a very rapid rate because of the process of industrialisation. This unprecedented growth often resulted in an uncoordinated and poor quality built environment. Industrial towns were not always attractive environments in which to live even though they were economically important. Concerned individuals and, eventually, society as a whole took a series of actions to bring about an improvement to the living conditions of the urban poor and quality of the environment. These actions lay the foundation of contemporary town planning and environmental management. The purpose of this essay is to develop an understanding of the range of issues that prevailed in the nineteenth century, industrial cities and to learn how successful were the actions taken to bring about an improvement in the urban environment.
Each student is required to submit an essay of 1000 words, plus or minus 25%, on the following topic:
Describe the environmental conditions associated with the nineteenth century industrial city in Britain and examine some of the measures taken to secure an improvement to the urban environment. What lessons are there for cities today?
You must submit your essay via the Turnitin link on the MyDundee site for the module on or before Monday 9 October 2017 at 12.00 noon.
The essay must be referenced using the Harvard System, which will be explained in class.
- To further knowledge about the conditions of towns and cities in Britain at the beginning of the twentieth century.
- To develop an appreciation of how concerned individuals sought to improve urban conditions by the promotion of new ideas regarding built development, the form of cities and enhancement of the environment.
- To understand how these initiatives contributed to the development of town planning thought and practice.
- To develop essay writing skills, including the retrieval of relevant information from library sources.
On completion of the exercise, students should demonstrate:
- Knowledge of the circumstances which lead to the development of modern town planning, the ideas of leading reformers and how these have been applied in practice.
- Skills in essay writing, the retrieval of information from the library and use of the Harvard System of references.
The essays will be marked using the University assessment grading scale, details of which can be found in the Student Handbook. In determining an appropriate grade, account will be taken of the essay structure and the standard of English, as well as the content and relevance of material used. Feedback on the essay will be provided during week 7.
References for the essay:
- Cherry, G. E. 1974. The Evolution of British Town planning: A History of Town Planning in the United Kingdom During the 20th century and the Royal Town Planning Institute 1914-1974. Leighton Buzzard: Leonard Hill.
- Cherry, G. E. 1981. Pioneers in British planning. London: Architectural Press.
- Clapp, B. W. 1994. An Environmental History of Britain: Since the Industrial Revolution. London: Longman.
- Greed, C. 2000. Introducing Town Planning. 3rd ed. London: Athlone Press.
- Hall, P. G. 1996. Cities of Tomorrow : An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Hall, P. G. 2005. Urban and Regional Planning. 4th ed. London: Routledge (Also available as electronic resource from the University of Dundee library)
- Lawless, P., and F. Brown. 1986. Urban Growth and Change in Britain: An Introduction. London: Harper and Row.
- Morris, E. S. 1997. British Town Planning and Urban Design: Principles and Policies. Harlow: Longman.
- Ponting, C. 1993. A Green History of the World. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
- Ward, S. V. 2004. Planning and Urban Change. 2nd ed. London: Sage (Also available as electronic resource from the University of Dundee library)
Students should note that in addition to these books there are other relevant references in the Duncan of Jordanstone Library and Main University Library which will assist your essay preparation.