After 4 years of long and treacherous fighting, the allied and central powers have signed treaties to end this war. The Treaty of Versailles was created in Paris by the allies and is the mark of the end of the war. The French and British-Americans are finally separated and it is now impossible for Germany to start a new war with France. Germany now has new boundaries, giving Eupen-Malm[eacute]dy to Belgium, Alsace-Lorraine to France, eastern districts to Poland, Memel to Lithuania, and large portions of Schleswig back to Denmark. Germany's’ armed forces were weakened and colonies were stripped right out of their hands, leaving them alone in the dust. Along with all of his, Germany is forced to take the blame for this long and drawn out war and all f the damage it has caused. Germany was forced to sign under protest after not agreeing to sign. Many allied countries threatened to march their armies into Germany, and they gave in. Many right-winged parties attacked it as a betrayal and terrorists attacked politicians who they thought to be responsible. All in all, Germany has to pay for all damages and is stripped of many rights. But don’t they deserve after we lost our men?
The Russians Are Rushing Out September 19, 1918-New York Times
Early last year in, riots were breaking out all over Russia. The Russian people were not pleased with how the government was handling the scarcity on food and fuel. Czar Nicholas II left his throne to a temporary government because he simply did not know what to do. The new government still supported Russia's’ involvement in WWI but did not know how to fix the problems that Czar left for them to fix. Vladimir Lenin and his group of communists, the Bolsheviks, overthrew the government which gave the people hope of finally having someone to fix their problems. Lenin wanted to focus on building up the communist government and making it stronger for his benefit. For this reason, he wanted to pull Russia out of the war and did so by agreeing to the Treaty of Brest-Litvosk with Germany. This gave Germany the territory of Finland, Ukraine, and Polish and Baltic territories. And in exchange, Germany had to take their arms off of Russian land. Lets just hope other countries will follow the Russian’s footsteps (first time that’s ever been said) and back out of this war.
John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing July 20, 1948-New York Times
Born on September 13, 1860, Pershing started at West Point Academy in 1882. After finishing first in his class, he was appointed to a West Point Academy officer. He is most famous for being the commander of the American Expeditionary Force on the western front in WWI. He lead the First Army into territory that Germany had control over for 3 years, and took it. He then lead 600,000 soldiers into battle of a long 47 days alongside the French. Pershing died at the age of 87 of artery disease and congestive heart failure in his hometown of Washington, D.C. on July 15, 1948.
Mason Mathews Patrick February 3, 1942-New York Times
Born December 13, 1863, Patrick started at West Point Academy and finished second in his class, behind Pershing. He served in France during WWI and was appointed Chief of Air Service by General Pershing. He then drafted and proposed the Air Corps Act which turned the Air Service into the United States Army Air Corps. He was the first chief of the corps until his retirement in 1927. Following his retirement, he published a book called “The U.S. in the Air” and died in Washington, D.C. on January 29, 1942.