French Newspaper By: Laterrian Allen
Was The Revolution Successful?
The French Revolution was started by the third estate of France. The people were never treated fairly in the monarchy, they barely had enough to live, and had to give everything away to the first and second estate. So, the third estate of peasants weren't happy already, but the thing that made them revolt were the taxes being raised and rumors of the king coming to stop them. The third estate paid 50% of what they made towards taxes. The first and second combined paid 2%. The third estate raided the Bastille and the Revolution began.
King Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette were hoarding a large majority of food. They also loved lavish lifestyles that the rest of the country envied. The peasant women in the country side where the king and queen lived decided they were going to put a stop to all of the hoarding. They stormed the place where king Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette lived with pitchforks and forced them to relocate to Paris. Once again, the third estate heard that the king was sending an army so they stormed the Bastille.
As far as overthrowing the monarchy of France, it was a huge success and brought France closer to equality for all. However, right after the revolution was over there was the reign of terror which made the Revolution look like a huge failure. The radicals took over the government, and they began to murder everyone for ridiculous reasons, virtually no one was safe at this point. The peasant's liberty and protection (which the Revolution was started for) were now no danger because radicals (national convention) were executing them. However, once it finally reaches the point where Napoleon rose to power the Revolution was finally a success.
Napoleon: Hero or Villian?
Napoleon was a hero and a villain in a sense. On one side of the argument you're against him and he's a warmonger who's bloodthirsty, and on the other side he's a man who brought France to power after their darkest hour. He's a villain because he tried to take over Europe. He moved troops eastward and conquered numerous armies. To some it was even rude that he crowned himself instead of letting the pope do it. He was basically a Hitler but earlier in history and less murderous.
On the other side of the spectrum, Napoleon was a hero to Europe and to France. French citizens argue that he created policies that bettered France, and protected the country from invasion of numerous other superpowers. Napoleon was an idle to many, and one man said that his hat was worth 50,000 men proving that he was a very great general. As if policies weren't enough, Napoleon created nationalism. This was another reason other countries attacked them was because France was now different; they ridded themselves of the French monarchy. So, you will have to decide for yourself if Napoleon was a hero or villain.
Englands Reaction to France And Napoleon
England wasn't happy about the Revolution of France. This is because the rebellion succeeding and the radicals being overthrown to Napoleon, Britain believed threatened their way of life. It threatened the Austrian's and Prussian's to the point they attacked and their armies were destroyed. England was likely to be afraid of the same fate. England was afraid their people would rebel again the monarchy and create nationalism much like France did.
As said before the rise of Napoleon did not make England happy. The separate governments made their ideals completely different from each other. France was a superpower and that intimidated England. Then, Napoleon conquered their allies and blockaded their sea trade routes which were essential to England's way of life. This is why England and France have never gotten along and England despises the French.