Agriculture by: Ashley Najarro

The Neolithic Revolution started in the 10000 BC. Many people began to cultivate crops and domesticate certain kinds of animals. The Neolithic actually made a lot of change in the way people lived, for example shifting hunting led to permanent settlements.

The second agriculture revolution is the Industrial Revolution. It occur i the 1780. New farming techniques and improved livestock breeding led to amplified food production. Plants, animals and soil were stripped of their mystical "vital" attributes and were molded to fit human needs.

The third agriculture revolution is the Green Revolution. It started in the 1940's, but it increased in the 1960's. Mexican dwarf wheat was first released to farmers in 1961 and resulted in a doubling of the average yield.

The result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal. Between 1996 and 2012, crop biotechnology was responsible for an additional 122 million tons of soybeans and 231 million tons of corn. Pros of a GMO: 1. Seeds are genetically changed for multiple reasons, which include improving resistance to insects and generating healthier crops, according to Healthline.com. This can lower risk of crop failure, and make crops better resistant to extreme weather. Cons of a CMO: 1. Food allergies in children under 18 spiked from 3.4 percent in 1997-99 to 5.1 percent in 2009-11, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, though it bears noting that there's no conclusive scientific link to GMO foods.

Commercial farming involves raising crops and livestock to sell for a profit. The needs of the market help determine which crops are grown. With Subsistence farming, the farmer raises the food he needs to provide for himself and his family or community.sustainable agriculture is the production of food, fiber, or other plant or animal products using farming techniques that protect the environment, public health, human communities, and animal welfare. Sustainable agriculture is the production of food, fiber, or other plant or animal products using farming techniques that protect the environment, public health, human communities, and animal welfare.

Some fun facts about agriculture is, More than 6,000 different kinds of apples are grown around the world. The biggest producer is China, followed by the United States, Iran, Turkey, Russia, Italy, and India. Fruit farming began sometime between 6000 and 3000 B.C. Figs were one of the first cultivated fruit crops. The Industrial Revolution led to faster and more efficient farming technology, which helped usher in the Second Agricultural Revolution from 1700 to 1900 in developed countries. Many less developed countries are still experiencing the Second Agricultural Revolution. Tractors were invented in the 1880s to pull plows through fields. By the 1920s the all purpose, modern tractor had been developed. With different attachments, tractors can be used for plowing, planting, cultivating, mowing, harvesting, and moving soil and heavy equipment.

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Created with images by jackmac34 - "cart wheel agriculture"

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