Northern Renaissance facts:
• The Northern Renaissance was the Renaissance that occurred in Europe north of the Alps.
• Before 1497, Italian Renaissance had little influence outside Italy.
• From the late 15th century, its ideas spread around Europe.
• Albrecht Dürer was a painter, printmaker, and theorist of the German Renaissance.
• Born in Nuremberg, Dürer established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties, due to his high-quality woodcut prints.
Hans Holbein the Younger:
• Hans Holbein the Younger was a German and Swiss artist and printmaker who worked during the Northern Renaissance.
• Was thought to be one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century. Born in 1497 and died in 1543. His father was also a painter.
Jan van Eyck:
• He is often considered one of the founders of Early Netherlandish painting school and one of the most significant representatives of Northern Renaissance art.
• Van Eyck was highly sought after as a portrait artist. Born in 1390 and died in 1441.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder:
Netherlandish Proverbs, 1559
• Pieter Bruegel the Elder was the most significant artist of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting, a painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes.
• There are about 40 generally accepted surviving paintings. A number of others are known to have been lost, including what, Bruegel himself thought his best work, "a picture in which Truth triumphs."
• Erasmus was a Catholic priest, social critic, teacher, and theologian. Erasmus was a classical scholar and wrote in a pure Latin style.
• By the 1530s, the writings of Erasmus accounted for 10 to 20 percent of all book sales in Europe
• Quote: "When I get a little money I buy books; and if any is left I buy food and clothes."
• Sir Thomas More, venerated by Roman Catholics as Saint also he was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman and noted Renaissance humanist.
• Between 1512 and 1519 More worked on a History of King Richard III, which he never finished but which was published after his death. He was friends with Erasmus. Thomas More was born in 1478 and died in 1535.
• Quote: "I die the king's faithful servant, but God's first."
Christine de Pizan:
• Christine de Pizan was an Italian French late medieval author. She served as a court writer for several dukes and the French royal court during the reign of Charles VI. She was born in 1364 and died in 1430.
• Christine produced a large number of works. Her works include political treatises, mirrors for princes, epistles, and poetry. By 1405, Christine had completed her most famous literary works, The Book of the City of Ladies and The Treasure of the City of Ladies. The first of these shows the importance of women's past contributions to society, and the second strives to teach all women how to practice useful qualities.
• Her final work was a poem that praised Joan of Arc. At the age of 65, decided to end her literary career.