“In the early 1930s, Oklahoma’s panhandle became known as the “Dust Bowl” after a combination of droughts and
overfarming created an ecological disaster. Crops would no longer grow on the land and farmers had to move west
in search of work. Most travelled to California’s central valley, where the land was lush and they had heard jobs
were plentiful. When the farming families arrived in California, many landowners took advantage of the displaced
farmers’ desperation to feed their families and offered pitifully low wages. Steinbeck takes up the plight of these
Oklahoman farmers in his famous novel, The Grapes of Wrath.”
"The Grapes of Wrath" Chapter 3 by John Steinbeck
Steinbeck was a man who hoped his writing would be a tool for social change. His message will be clear in this turtle chapter.