The holocaust is one of the saddest events in the world history. The holocaust started in Germany and surrounding countries and lasted from January 30, 1933 until May 8, 1945.
The main victims of the the Holocaust were the Jewish people. Some people were undesirable by Nazi standards because of who they were,their genetic or cultural origins, or health conditions. These included Jews, Gypsies, Poles and other Slavs, and people with physical or mental disabilities. Others were Nazi victims because of what they did. These victims of the Nazi regime included Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, the dissenting clergy, Communists, Socialists, asocial, and other political enemies.
This mass murder was ordered by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party. It was the explicit aim of Hitler's regime to create a European world both dominated and populated by the "Aryan" race. The Nazi machinery was dedicated to eradicating millions of people it deemed undesirable.
During the Holocaust, there were Approximately 5,933,900 Jews murdered. then again Calculating the numbers of individuals who were killed as the result of Nazi policies is a difficult task. There is no single wartime document created by Nazi officials that spells out how many people were killed in the Holocaust or World War II.
To accurately estimate the extent of human losses, scholars, Jewish organizations, and governmental agencies since the 1940's have relied on a variety of different records, such as census reports, captured German and Axis archives, and postwar investigations, to compile these statistics. As more documents come to light or as scholars arrive at a more precise understanding of the Holocaust, estimates of human losses may change.
As a result of the Allies winning WWII, the remaining Jews were freed from the Nazi death camps by the Allied soldiers. In 1945, when Anglo-American and Soviet troops entered the concentration camps, they discovered piles of corpses, bones, and human ashes—testimony to Nazi mass murder. Soldiers also found thousands of Jewish and non-Jewish survivors suffering from starvation and disease. For survivors, the prospect of rebuilding their lives was daunting.
After liberation, many Jewish survivors feared to return to their former homes because of the antisemitism (hatred of Jews) that persisted in parts of Europe and the trauma they had suffered. Some who returned home feared for their lives. In postwar Poland, for example, there were a number of pogroms (violent anti-Jewish riots). The largest of these occurred in the town of Kiel in 1946 when Polish rioters killed at least 42 Jews and beat many others.