GEOGRAFY. the united states of America,in central North America,is the fourth largest countryin the world. It is 2,575 kilometres from north to south and 4,500 kilometres from east to West. Because the country is so big, every state has different laws and traditions and there are four different time zones. The USAborders Canada in the north Mexico in the south and it is a country of great scenic and climatic contrast. The USA is a federetion of fifty states. Forty eight are on the mainlad and there is Alaska on the north west of Canada and the Hawaiian islands in the Pacific Ocean. The capital city is Washington DC.
NATURAL WONDERS. Death Valley is one of the driest and hottest places in the world. Temperatures can rise to 57 C. Death Valley is the largest national park and it is 300 feet below sea level by mountains and rain rarely arrives here. Yellowstone National Park is famous for its hot springs and geyser, especially Old Faithful, which sends 41,640 litres of hot water into the air every 40 to 70 minutes.Bears live in this park. The Colorado River formed the Grand Canyon over millions of years. in some parts of the canyon it is 30 kilometres wide. so the north and south rims have very different vegetation.
HILLY ISLAND.At the entrance to New York Harbour, north of the Statue of Liberty, another monument is a symbol of the great traditions of freedom and opportunity in America: Ellis Island. Between 1892 and 1954 this small island was the Immigration Station, the gateway through which 12 million immigrants entered the New World. Today, more than 40% of all living Americans are descendants of the immigrants who came through Ellis Island. Immigrants came from all over Europe. The main groups were the Irish, the Germans, the Italians and the Jews from Eastern Europe. They escaped from extreme poverty, famine, unemployment and religious and racial persecutions. The sight of the Statue of Liberty meant the end of their difficult journey and the hope for a new life. At the same time they feared an uncertain future for themselves and their families. They also feared the registration procedure - a rigorous medical inspection and an aptitude test — they had to pass in Ellis Island as a condition to enter the United States. For these reasons, Ellis Island was known as both the “lsland of Hope” and the “Island of Tears”.