The GlobeTheater By: Alyssa Hill Period 5

The Globe Theater helped shakespeare majorly, has a very unique structure, has been closed and reconstructed many times and had its plays were very interesting.

Shakespeare was the man whose plays were played at The Globe and he, " .....was an English playwright, poet, and actor. Many people regard him as the world’s greatest dramatist and the finest poet England has ever produced." (Lander Jesse) This shows that the man who's plays were performed at The Globe was a very talented and smart man in order to make The Globe happen and for Shakespeare to write all the plays that were performed at The Globe.

This shows the man whose plays were all first performed at The Globe.

Thanks to The Globe, "Shakespeare’s plays have attracted large audiences in big, sophisticated cities and in small, rural towns. His works have been performed on the frontiers of Australia and New Zealand. They were part of the cultural life of the American Colonies and provided entertainment in the mining camps of the Old West. Today, there are theaters in many nations dedicated to staging Shakespeare’s works." (Lander Jesse) This shows that The Globe helped Shakespeare on a tremendous level by helping his plays be moved and performed across the world.

The Globe Theater is, "....an early open-air English theater in London. Most of the great English playwright William Shakespeare's plays were first presented at the Globe." (Seidel Michael) This shows what The Globe is and why it is important to know about because many of Shakespeare's plays and most of Shakespeare's plays were first performed at The Globe.

This shows the upper view from the theater and as you can see, The Globe was constructed in a round shape and it had no roof.

The stage in The Globe was a very unique one, "First, the part of the stage that projected into the yard grew narrower, and the small curtained inner stage grew larger, until there developed what is called the proscenium stage. Here there is no outer stage; there is only the inner stage, and a large curtain separates it from the audience."(Anderson Robert) This shows that the stage was a very intricate one and it had a very unique structure that made everyone in the theater be able to see the play very well.

The shape of The Globe was also very different than most theaters, "The Globe was round or polygonal on the outside and probably round on the inside. The theater may have held as many as 3,000 spectators. Its stage occupied the open-air space, with a pit in front for standing viewers. The stage was surrounded by several levels of seating." (Seidel Michael) This shows that unlike most theaters, The Globe decided to have a round shape and to have an open roof.

This shows the open pit in the the center of the theater but also the surrounding seats around the stage.

The Globes structure also caused it to have some issues if it was raining, "The Globe Theatre was open-air. If it rained, some of the audience got wet. There was no special lighting; so the plays were performed in the afternoon, in daylight. This meant that, unlike most modern theatres, the actors could see the audience, as well as the audience see the actors (and each other)." (Education Globe) This shows that one fault in The Globes structure was that there was no roof and this was also a very unique thing to do for a theater during this time.

The Globe was also had to be rebuilt because, "In 1613, the Globe burned down. It was rebuilt on the same foundation and reopened in 1614. The Globe was shut down in 1642 and torn down in 1644. A reconstruction of the theater was completed 200 yards (183 meters) from the original site in 1996, and it officially opened in 1997." (Seidel Michael) This shows that even though The Globe burnt down, its structure was so successful that they wanted to keep it the exact same way so they could attract as many people as they did when it was first built.

The Globe was reconstructed many times, "The new Globe is the third. The first burnt down in 1613 during a performance of Shakespeare’s Henry VIII. The King’s Men rebuilt it on the same site, and it re-opened in 1614. This second one was closed in 1642, and pulled down in 1647 to build houses."(Education Globe) This shows that The Globe has been through many reconstructions but, as it was being rebuilt it was kept to its original structure as the original Globe.

The theater that was built before the Globe Theater was torn down, "In 1599, Burbage's theater was torn down and its timbers were used by shakespeare and his company to build the Globe Theatre. This was the theater for which Shakespeare wrote most of his plays." (Anderson Robert) This shows that before The Globe was first built, there was already a theater there called Burbage's Theater that had to be torn down in order for The Globe to be built.

The plays at the theater were also very interesting and different from today because, "Plays were originally performed by the all-male medieval trade guilds, so all women's parts were played by boys. It would be many years before women appeared onstage in the professional English theater."(Anderson Robert) This clearly shows that The Globes plays were very unique in a way that women didn't actually play a womens part in the play, instead all men acted as a woman.

This is a boy playing a girls part in one of Shakespeare's plays.

The Globes plays were also very simple because, "The plays were performed in the afternoon. Sine the stage was open to the sky, there was no need for stage lighting. There were very few sets (scenery, furniture, and so on). The stage was "set" by the language. A whole forest scene was created in one play when a character announced, :Well, this is the Forest of Arden." But costumes were often elaborate, and the stage might have even hung with colorful banners and trappings." (Anderson Robert) This shows that The Globes plays were very simple with the way that they set a scene because in order to show a scene or let people know what the scene would look like, one of the actors would say where the scene was taking place.

One interesting thing that would sometimes appear in Shakespeare's plays was, "The heavens trap was not on the stage, but above it. Actors playing gods might be lowered down to the stage through it."(Education Globe) This shows that in certain plays, to add the affect of a god, they had a very interesting and smart way of doing it so the audience could picture the actors as though they were real gods.

Works Cited

Lander, Jesse M. “Shakespeare, William.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016.

Anderson, Robert. “Shakespeare and His Theater: A Perfect Match” Holt literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003.

Seidel, Michael. "Henry V." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 9 Dec. 2016.

Seidel, Michael. "Globe Theatre." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 27 Nov. 2016.

Education, Globe. Much Ado About Nothing, William Shakespeare. London: Hodder Education, 2012. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 11 Dec. 2016.

Credits:

Created with images by marybettiniblank - "globe london theatre" • WikiImages - "shakespeare poet writer" • Daniel Voyager - "SL Globe Theatre" • D-Stanley - "Shakespeare`s Globe Theatre" • EaglebrookSchool - "Eaglebrook School Theater"

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