Elements of Drama


Definition: a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance

Modern Example: The character King Triton from 'The Little Mermaid' alludes to the Greek god of Poseidon.

Comic Relief

Definition: comic scene or event that breaks up a serious play or narrative

Modern Example: In the Lion King a while after dramatic events occur Timon and Pumbaa are shown doing or saying something funny, this is comic relief.


Definition: a short remark or set of lines said by a character to an audience

Modern Example: In 'Ferris Buellers Day Off' Ferris talks to the audience and teaches them how to fake an illness and not go to school.

Foil Characters

Definition: a character that shows qualities that are in contrast with the qualities of another character with the objective to highlight the traits of the other character

Modern Example: Scar is a foil character, he makes Mufasa look more virtuous, brave and honorable.


Definition: a long speech spoken by a character

Modern Example: In the movie 'Taken' Bryan says a long speech to his daughter's kidnapper : "I don't know who you are. I don't know what you want. If you are looking for ransom, I can tell you I don't have money. But what I do have are a very particular set of skills; skills I have acquired over a very long career. Skills that make me a nightmare for people like you. If you let my daughter go now, that'll be the end of it. I will not look for you, I will not pursue you. But if you don't, I will look for you, I will find you, and I will kill you."


Definition: a conversation between two or more characters

Modern Example: In the show 'Supernatural ' Dean and Castiel are engaging in conversation.


Definition: a long speech representing thoughts spoken aloud

Modern Example: In the movie grease there are many examples of soliloquies, when they sing they are saying their thoughts out loud. In this scene Sandy is singing expressing how she feels about Danny.

Tragic Hero

Definition: a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat

Modern Example: Spider-Man is an example of a tragic Hero because he saves people and is noble, honorable, and respected but his tragic flaw is being in love with Mary Jane, he wants to protect her all the time but villains use this tragic flaw of his to try and kill him or get what they want.


Definition: a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect

Modern Example: In the song Hot N Cold by Katy Perry, she mentions a lot of oxymorons:

"Cause you're hot then you're cold

You're yes then you're no

You're in then you're out

You're up then you're down

You're wrong when it's right

It's black and it's white"


Definition: a warning or indication of a future event

Modern Example: The shawdow of these two little boys foreshadows what they are going to become when they are older, Batman and Superman.

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