Definition: a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance
Modern Example: The character King Triton from 'The Little Mermaid' alludes to the Greek god of Poseidon.
Definition: comic scene or event that breaks up a serious play or narrative
Modern Example: In the Lion King a while after dramatic events occur Timon and Pumbaa are shown doing or saying something funny, this is comic relief.
Definition: a short remark or set of lines said by a character to an audience
Modern Example: In 'Ferris Buellers Day Off' Ferris talks to the audience and teaches them how to fake an illness and not go to school.
Definition: a character that shows qualities that are in contrast with the qualities of another character with the objective to highlight the traits of the other character
Modern Example: Scar is a foil character, he makes Mufasa look more virtuous, brave and honorable.
Definition: a long speech spoken by a character
Modern Example: In the movie 'Taken' Bryan says a long speech to his daughter's kidnapper : "I don't know who you are. I don't know what you want. If you are looking for ransom, I can tell you I don't have money. But what I do have are a very particular set of skills; skills I have acquired over a very long career. Skills that make me a nightmare for people like you. If you let my daughter go now, that'll be the end of it. I will not look for you, I will not pursue you. But if you don't, I will look for you, I will find you, and I will kill you."
Definition: a conversation between two or more characters
Modern Example: In the show 'Supernatural ' Dean and Castiel are engaging in conversation.
Definition: a long speech representing thoughts spoken aloud
Modern Example: In the movie grease there are many examples of soliloquies, when they sing they are saying their thoughts out loud. In this scene Sandy is singing expressing how she feels about Danny.
Definition: a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat
Modern Example: Spider-Man is an example of a tragic Hero because he saves people and is noble, honorable, and respected but his tragic flaw is being in love with Mary Jane, he wants to protect her all the time but villains use this tragic flaw of his to try and kill him or get what they want.
Definition: a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect
Modern Example: In the song Hot N Cold by Katy Perry, she mentions a lot of oxymorons:
"Cause you're hot then you're cold
You're yes then you're no
You're in then you're out
You're up then you're down
You're wrong when it's right
It's black and it's white"
Definition: a warning or indication of a future event
Modern Example: The shawdow of these two little boys foreshadows what they are going to become when they are older, Batman and Superman.