Chile By:Alexis. n 1st Span.1

What is your place and what is some history? -> Chile; Chile was originally under the control of the Incas in the north and the nomadic Araucanos in the south. In 1541, Pedro de Valdivia, founded Santiago. In 1818, Chile finally won its independence from Spain.
Where is Chile located?: Chile is located in South America.
What is the topography like?: Chile is a long, narrow country stretching along South Americas western edge, with more than 6,000 km of coastline. Chile is divided into three general topographic regions; the lofty Andean Cordillera on the east; the low coastal mountains of the west; and the fertile central valley in between.
How big is Chile? -> about 291,933 mi Sq.
What languages are spoken? -> The main language is Spanish, but most people understand and can speak English.
What currency will be used and what is the conversion rate (how much is a $1 worth?)? -> The currency used in Chile is the Chilean peso. Conversion rate: 0.0015 US dollar. (A dollar is worth 664.10 ;Chilean peso)
Who lives in Chile (are there Natives?) and how many people live there? -> The main population consists of mostly Mestizos. The Mestizos count up for about 25% of the second largest ethnic group in Chile. Mestizos comes from the Spanish word that is used to describe a person mixed of European and Amerindian descent. The population is about 18,281,204 people currently living in Chile.
Are there any significant historical facts about your place that are super interesting? -> 1. The "Moai" island off the coast of Chile, was added by the country in 1888 and then renamed Easter island 1700's.
More interesting facts -> 2. The Atacama is the driest desert desert to have been know on record in the world. At 7,500 Chile's Atacama desert, some areas have never received rain.
Continued facts: -> 3. Chile is a world class wine destination and the ninth largest wine producing country in the world. Chile has more 1,200 kil. of viticulture valleys in 14 different areas, which produce more than 10 million hectoliters of wine per year.
end of facts: -> Chile has one of the largest coastlines in the world. It is also one of the narrowest in the world with a width of 200 km. Chile has a mild Mediterranean climate where visitors can enjoy warm to hot days and cooler nights in the summer.
Chile is a great place to visit! <3
Chile es muy grande. Las vistas son geniales y la escena topográfica es grande.
MUSIC/FOOD/CULTURE:
Music: What kind of music is popular in Chile? -> The Cueca (short for Zamacueca) has been considered the most traditional music and dance of Chile, It was first discovered in 1824, though its origins are not clear. Cueca was finally affirmed Chile's traditional dance in 1979.

This is a modern example of the traditional dance Cueca. The females typically wear a flow-ey dress with beautiful flowers and the male wears a poncho with patterns of some sort.

FOOD: What kinds of food can you find in Chile? -> The main (traditional) foods you can find in Chile are: }Charquican- Potato, pumpkin, mince, onion, carrot, sometimes with peas and corn, all mashed up together. }Pollo Arvejado- chicken served with peas, onions, and sliced carrots. }Pastel de Jaiba- Chilean crab pie served in its own shell }Arroz con leche- rice pudding

These are the most popular dishes you may find in Chile. These dishes are listed above and the main ingredients are included.

Is there an culture in Chile? -> Since Colonial times, the Chilean culture has been a mix of Spanish colonial elements with indigenous (mostly Mapuche) culture.
Any indigenous/ Native culture? -> Native Chileans make up about 10% of the total population in Chile (2,000,000 self-identified person of indigenous origins). The Mapuches, from the south, accounted for approximately 85% of this number. There are also small populations of Aymara, Quechua, Atacameno, Kolla, Diaguita, Yaghan, Rapa Nui, and Kawaskhar in other parts of the country.
Are there any festivals? -> Every year in February, Chile holds a national carnival called Carnavalon. The carnival is held in the northern regions of San Miguel de Azapa, Putre, and Socoroma. The carnival, which attracts thousands of people each year from Chilean high plateau or altiplano, is a traditional Hispanic-Amerindian festival, celebrated 40 days before lent.
En Chile la música más común y tradicional que se toca y se canta se llama Cueca. La Cueca se conoce desde hace años, desde 1824.
En Chile hay cuatro platos principales que se comen casi todos los días. Estos platos han existido durante años y se pueden encontrar en casi todos los restaurantes.
Desde los tiempos coloniales, la cultura chilena ha sido una mezcla de elementos coloniales españoles con la cultura indígena (en su mayoría mapuche).
Los chilenos nativos representan alrededor del 10% de la población total en Chile (2.000.000 autoidentificados de origen indígena). Los mapuches, desde el sur, representaron aproximadamente el 85% de este número.
Cada año en febrero, Chile tiene un carnaval nacional llamado Carnavalon. El carnaval se celebra en las regiones norteñas de San Miguel de Azapa, Putre y Socoroma. El carnaval, que atrae a miles de personas cada año de la meseta o altiplano chileno, es un festival tradicional hispano-amerindio.
Fun and Interesting activities in Chile!
Valle de Luna: Valle de Luna, literally translates into 'Valley of the Moon' (Moon Valley). Valle de Luna is a moonlike landscape in Atacama Desert. En la Valle de Luna no esfrío o caliente pero fresco. Es ventoso y tiene agua en algunas de las dunas.
Torres del Paine National park: Torres del Paine National Park translates into 'Towers of Paine'. In Torres del Paine there are granite towers, icebergs, and grey glaciers. Aqiu hace frio pero soleado. Es agradable caminar y tomar una caminata por las torres y si hay suficiente nieve, para esquiar.
Lake district: ->Pucón es el hogar de numerosos proveedores al aire libre que promueven todo tipo de deportes de aventura: Kayak, senderismo, ciclismo de montaña, rafting y paseos a caballo se encuentran entre sus opciones. Asegúrese de hacer su camino hacia el cercano Parque Nacional Villarrica, un parque nacional de 150.000 acres que alberga 3 volcanes y rutas de senderismo escénicas.
Rapel Valley: ->El Valle de Rapel de Chile es el hogar de las mejores uvas del país y viticultores. Diríjase a la región del Valle de Colchagua a unos 80 kilómetros de Santiago, para disfrutar de los vinos carménère, malbec y syrah.
Skiing in Portillo: ->Los esquiadores y snowboarders que visitan Chile durante la temporada de esquí del país -de mediados de junio a mediados de octubre- deben dirigirse a Portillo, la estación de esquí más popular del país, con 23 senderos y una elevación máxima de casi 11.000 pies. Portillo ofrece alojamiento para todos los presupuestos, así como una escuela de esquí para principiantes y alquiler de equipos, por lo que es conveniente para mochileros.

Credits:

Created with images by Doug Scortegagna - "Way to towers" • cesar_altermatt - "paine mountain ice" • Doug Scortegagna - "Flower from Patagonia" • kevin dooley - "Arica" • Miguel Vera - "Atardecer en el Valle de la Luna / Sunset in the "Valley of the Moon"" • edoalemirored - "chile hill talagante" • Miguel Vera - "Recuerdos del Salar de Atacama / Memories from Salar de Atacama" • Public_Domain_Photography - "chile chilean nation" • kevin dooley - "Santiago graffiti" • inyucho - "Spanish silver coins" • Dave_B_ - "Home in the Desert" • huleroy0 - "rapa nui easter island" • European Southern Observatory - "Alien Atacama" • Carlos Varela - "Viña Concha y Toro" • troita_<>< - "hay una isla en medio del océano" • myeviajes - "chile easter island rapa nui" • Pexels - "budapest capital chill" • ilya_ktsn - "chile-trip-1178" • Carlos Varela - "Limp Bizkit en Chile 2011" • La Malula - "Baile cueca" • ::Tanty:: - "Seafood at Punta Lobos" • David Berkowitz - "The history, scenery, food, culture, and people here have been incredible. It will be tough to depart Rapa Nui / Easter Island today, but I will have fond memories of this strange and wonderful place." • Xuan Che - "peru - funerary mask" • Danko :D - "Hammarkullekarnevalen 2010 - Chile Lindo" • pviojo - "Guitar" • Lauren_Hannah - "Cedar-wrapped Chilean Sea Bass and veggies + baby sweet potato = delicious and healthy dinner! 🍴😋" • Arian Zwegers - "Easter Island, middle of nowhere" • Arian Zwegers - "Easter Island, Ahu Tongariki" • Danko :D - "Hammarkullekarnevalen 2010 - Chile Lindo" • Fenanov - "Caleta La Arena" • MiguelVieira - "San Pedro de Atacama Valle de la Luna" • Doug Scortegagna - "Las Torres" • skeeze - "zhongzheng lake landscape water reservoir outdoors panorama" • Fareham Wine - "Lapostolle Casa Sauvignon Blanc, Rapel Valley" • 2ilorg - "Portillo Ski Resort, #Chile"

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