Egypt By: Ali mohAmmed

Introduction

Egypt is one of the oldest places of human civilization. Many think of Ancient Egypt when they think of Egypt. Things like the Spinx's, Egyptian Mythology and all of that come to mind but where is Egypt today and what is it like? Well we will be exploring exactly that!

Location of Egypt

The Geographic theme of location is the exact location of something ( Absolute Location which uses longitude and latitude ) or where something is relative to an other ( Relative Location which gives you its location relative to other things ) .

As you can see here Egypt is around 6,816 miles away from the United States across the Atlantic Ocean

Egypt is located in Northern Africa. Although the Sinai Peninsula is in Asia making Egypt the only country in both Africa and Asia.

And it is neighbored by Libya to its West, Sudan to its South, Saudi Arabia to its Southeast, Jordan to its East and Israel/Palestine to its Northeast.

To Egypt's North is the Mediterranean Sea and to its East is the Red Sea while the Nile River runs straight through Egypt its self. The Aswan Dam controls the flow of the river and provides electricity to Egypt. It also holds back the Nasser Lake. Another major water way is the Suez Canal between the Sinai Peninsula in the East and mainland Egypt.

Egypt's climate is not actually has hot as you think it would be this is because in the Northern Regions ( Including Cities like Cairo and Alexandria ) are cooled down by winds from the Mediterranean Sea. Although the Central and Southern Portions are normally hotter because they don't have these winds. With average temperatures in the Winter around 43 to 73 Fahrenheit and in the Summer around 60 to 90 Fahrenheit it isn't as bad as you imagine.

In this video we see how the Climate in Egypt is fragile and why Climate Change is making a huge impact on the lives of Egyptians in coastal areas of the nation,

CAIRO

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and also the biggest city in the nation.

Cairo is in the Northern Middle section of the country on the Nile river.

Cairo is the biggest city in the Middle East and around the 15th biggest city in the world.

Cairo's absolute location is 30.0444° N, 31.2357° E,

The Place of Egypt and what is it like?

Well the geographic theme of Place refers to the physical and the human aspects of a location.

So, what are the physical aspects? Well that refers to resources and Egypt has a lot of them.

One of Egypt's biggest resource is its Honey which it has surprisingly a lot of!

Next we have Egypt's Limestone which was used in many ancient building and is abundant in Egypt.

The Papyrus Plant was the plant used to make ancient scrolls and is found

Phosphates are also a huge resource in the Egyptian Economy.

Iron Ore is also a major natural resource in Egypt.

Agriculture is one of the main pillars of the Egyptian economy as the Nile River provides fertile land.

Oil is Egypt's biggest export and is the main pillar of its economy.

The Nile River is also a resource as it provides many things for Egypt like power through dams and means of transport

Who Lives in Egypt?

Egyptians make up most of the population at 99.6% ( Including Ethic Copts ) while only 0.4% are other. While this is a Ethic chart all of the people normally speak Modern Egyptian Arabic as their first language.

Egyptians are not surprisingly Egypt's biggest ethic group with most people's families having living there forever. They are also the most influential group of people in Egypt.

Copts are the second biggest ethic group in Egypt with most practicing Coptic which is a sec of Christianity. Although Copts have been living in Egypt just as long as there Egyptian counter parts.

Egypt's Religion falls mostly in place with the Ethic divides as most Egyptians are Muslim and most Copts are Coptic ( Copritric ) Although 2% of People identify as other Christians.

Muslims comprise of 90% of people that live in Egypt and Islam plays a big role in the lives of people everyday and is influential in Egyptian Culture.

Coptics are a religious minority in Egypt that comprise of about 8% of the population. It is a sec of Christianity and although it might be a small percentage they also have a big impact on the culture in the country.

Government

The Egyptian government is an Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic and has been the through many changes over the last 5 years which the ousting of Hosni Mubarak in 2011 and Mohammed Morsi in 2013. Although now with some years of stability Egypt has a new president Abdel Fattah El-Sisi who won a lamdslide victory in the 2014 election with almost 97% of the vote. In 2015 Egypt held parliament elections with 596 seats up for grab only 245 were took as turnout was extremely low at around 10%. The Free Egyptians Party is the biggest party with 65 seats followed by the Nations Future Party with 53 and the New Wafd Party with 36 seats. With only 245 filled the government had to place 351 independents to fill the empty seats.

Holidays and Traditions Of Egypt

Ramadan is one of the most influential holidays in Egypt. It is an Islamic holiday and also one of the five pillars of the Religion. It is a time of giving and charity and in Egypt most put of lanterns during the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar for Ramadan.

At the end of Ramadan comes Eid Al Fitr which celebrates the end of the Holy month in Islamic Culture and in Egypt they hold parades in Celebration.

In this video we see balloons and lots of events taking place in celebration of Eid Al Fitr

Eid Al Adha is the final of the biggest Holidays and is also a Islamic Holiday. It celebrates the day Ibrahim was going to kill his son in the name of Allah but Allah quickly switched the son with a lamb as he wanted to see if Ibrahim was loyal.

In this video we see Egyptians going to do prayers for the holy holiday and also see the use of lamb that will be distributed to the poor in charity.

Human Environment Interation

The Geographic meaning of Human Environment Interaction is the way humans interact positively and negatively within their environments and lasting affects these interactions may have on a place

Egyptians have a huge impact on its land with the biggest being Agriculture. Many things are grown in Egypt like...

Cotton! Cotton is one of Egypt's biggest crops and has been grown in Egypt's for thousands of years with the help of the Nile which makes the land usable for farming.

Rice is another major product. With Rice farms up and down the Nile it has become and popular dish that is served many different ways in Egyptian Culture.

Tobacco is the last biggest with never ending demand it makes good money as it is sold to countries around the world.

Although people have also hurt the environment and the Medemia an Egyptian plant has suffered it is only found in the Oasis's of the Nubian Desert. Right now the Medemia is Critically Endangered and on the edge of extinction.

But not only plants have suffered animals like the Four Toed Jerboa have been restricted by Urban Growth and are now vulnerable to become endangered. They are facing a very high risk of extinction due to the loss of habitable area.

The Kleinmann's tortoise has estimated to go from about a population of 75,000 to just 5,000 in the last one hundred years and is critically endangered. This is mainly due to the illegal pet trade that many go through now.

Egypt is facing a lot of problems but not only wild life are facing problems but so are Egyptians.

With a huge population boom in the last 2 to 3 decades Urban Growth has been crazy in Egypt with tons of people flocking to the cities. The Urban Growth has put a strain on resources.

Water is one of these even though the Nile is huge Egypt has a Water problem. With both Quality and Quantity not meeting good standards it is one of Egypt's growing Problems.

In recent years a major Air Pollution problem has struck Egypt's major cities like Aswan, Cairo, Alexandria, Port Said and Luxor with no signs of lighting up.

in this video we see how both the Air and Water pollution are effecting cities like Cairo in Egypt.

Egypt for the last 50 years have heavily put into their Oil industry as it is the biggest part of the economy and employs a large portion of the population.

Agriculture not only employees 25% of the nations labor force it is also a deep part of Egyptian pride. Egyptians have been Farming for thousands of years and its normally handed down generations

Textiles have been also another big part of the economy but it has traditional been about the 5th through 3rd biggest factor in the economy behind Agriculture and Natural resources. Although they all have been growing in recent years.

Region

The geographic meaning of Region is an area on the earth's surface that has unifying characteristics such as climate or industry. These characteristics may be human, physical, or cultural.

Schooling

Right from the start, Education one of the most important things of your life. Egypt offers government schools that are payed for at all levels. Kids go to primary school between the ages of 4 and 10 then Preparatory school from 10 to 14. Primary School and Preparatory School are both mandatory in Egypt. Although it is now the best Education system in the Middle East and North Africa now it wasn't always like that only until the 1990's when the government started to put more into education.

After Primary School comes Secondary School from 15 to 17 but Egypt has very unique system. Because after the first two school stages of schooling both Secondary and Post Secondary Schools are all based on grades. This means the lower your grade the "lower" the school you are going to be placed in. This has become normal in Egyptian society.

Finally after all of that you can go to a post secondary school ( College ) which is also chosen by grades of the student.

The Population

Egypt is mainly populated near the Nile River and Delta where 95% of the 95 million people of Egypt live. Egypt is estimated to have 95 million people but was only at 85 million back in 2012 but this is not surprising with birth rates across Africa at highs. Egypt also has an average density of 181 people per square mile.

Egypt is about 310,120 thousand square miles or about the size of South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri and Iowa put together.

Egypt has a per capita of 12,137 thousand which puts it at 100 globally.

The Average Life Expectancy for an Egyptian Female is 72.2 years while only 69.4 years for Males.

The Average Literacy Rate is at 78% while males are at 81% and Females at 75%.

Movement

In geographic terms Movement deals with how and why people travel from one place to another.

Egypt makes a lot of things so a lot are sold on the world market with things like Oil and Iron Ore being top sellers.

Although Egypt does sell lots of Goods and Cotton based textiles.

Egypt couldn't do all of that though if the didn't have machines which most are imported into the country.

After machinery though Egypt's next biggest import is Wood probably to the short supply they already have.

But you might ask how did all this come to be well

History

Well lets start out with the Egyptian Flag which has a deep meaning in the society.

The Egyptian flag uses the Pan Arab Colors of Red, White and Black which have been apart of the culture even before the use of the flag.

The Flag dates back to 1952 when the Egyptian Revolution against the British was thrown. It bares Egypt's national emblem The Eagle of Saladin. Egypt soon gained full Independence on June 18, 1953 which sparked many other revolutions across the Arab World. It had gained Independence in 1922 but that was only limited Independence. In the video below it talks more about how the 1952 revolution went down, what roles the Military and King played and why people were unhappy.

Even though Egypt after independence grew slowly in the last 20 years the country has boomed and technology has advanced with a majority of Egyptians now having Mobile Phones and Computers the Egyptian people are more connected to the outside world then ever.

Also due to the Industrial Revolution Egypt has not been so far behind the Western World. Although it has a long ways to go it has been doing better then its Neighbors Libya, Sudan and Chad. Egypt is quickly growing and this is what we saw during the Industrialization of the Western World.

Egypt has also built up its railroad system because of all of this. It covers 21,000 miles and will take you all over Egypt although it follows the Nile and is centered on Cairo. It is used by locals a lot in Cairo as roads are always jam packed.

In this video we see why many people in Cairo try to avoid the heavily packed streets.

Although many use Trains, Buses are not as popular with locals in Cairo but are still used by them. While in other cities like Alexandria many locals prefer the buses. Buses normally cater to Tourists in the major cities as there are tons of Tourists going to Egypt a year.

But even all of the Advancements couldn't stop the use of the Nile river which is still use to get around from city to city as most Egyptian cites are on the Nile.

Current Events

Egypt Air Flight 804 left Charles De Gaulle Airport in Paris France on its way to Cairo International Airport in Cairo. When 3 hours and 25 minutes into the flight the plane crashed into the Mediterranean Sea at 2:33 Egypt Standard Time on May 19, 2016. All 56 passengers and 10 crew members died.

Flight 804 crashed about 180 miles North of the city of Alexandria and 235 miles North of Cairo.

The Airplane was at an Altitude of 34,260 before it crashed. There are traces of high temperatures being found in some of the wreckage of the front section and the flight data recorder indicated smoke on the aircraft before it went down. Although there is no proof for sure on why and how the plane crashed.

In this video new reporters talk about the evidence that

Earlier that year on March 29, 2016 Egypt Air Flight 181 was hijacked on its way to Cairo International Airport from Borg El Arab Airport in Alexandria with 63 people on board including 7 crew members.

The Hijacker a Egyptian man diverted the plane to Larnaca International Airport in Cyprus which is an island nation just North of Egypt. No one was hurt and the hijacker surrenders in 7 hours, all aboard were released.

Why Egypt is the place to be!

Cairo is the biggest city in Egypt and is full of shopping and site seeing. Places like the Giza Pyramids, the Spinx, the Mosque of Muhammad Ali, the Egyptian Museum and the Cairo Tower are huge and definitely places you need to see before you die.

Sharm El Sheikh is another major tourist attraction in Egypt. It is a city on the Southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula with amazing views of the oceans and beautiful beaches it is a place for relaxation.

You can't go to Egypt without taking some type of boat ride down the Nile River. With its amazing views of ancient sites, farms and the endless views of flora and fauna that line the banks of the Nile. With boat rides normally taking you from city to city it should be easy to find one and you can't regret it.

In this video you can see they pass ancient sites, floral and fauna, farms and a mosque. You can really see how the Nile affects life of Egyptians as it effects them in their everyday lives.

In this video we see and ancient settlement, quarry and tombs from ancient Egyptians.

Even though site seeing is great and Egypt has lots of it you can't go wrong with traditional Egyptian food. With tons of different dishes you won't be able to find something you won't like.

High School Life In Egypt

In Egypt Schooling is super important to a lot of kids and family as not doing good in school is not heard of as parents don't usually tolerate it. Although Egyptian schools are not that far off from American schools. They have periods, Classrooms and Lockers. Its just the format that they teach in is different. Many poorer people use Government schools as they are free even past secondary school but the rich normally send there kids to private schools and pay for a special university.

Conulsion

As you can tell Egypt is a diverse place with a long history. It has its ups and downs just like every nation and is not only about its past but its present. Egypt is a place to discover new things and has always been that way. It's different but not that far from home but Egypt is unique in its own way.

Credits:

Created with images by PublicDomainPictures - "egypt pyramid culture" • Three-shots - "honey flowing spoon" • Kyle Jameson - "Limestone" • anthonycramp - "Papyrus" • James St. John - "Copper crystals (Mesoproterozoic, 1.05-1.06 Ga; Quincy Mine, Hancock, Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA) 4" • CDEGlobal - "Washed iron ore from M2500" • StateofIsrael - "Agriculture" • Mark Bonica - "oil abstracts" • cocoparisienne - "nile egypt river" • StateofIsrael - "Agriculture" • kimberlykv - "Cotton Harvest" • JMacPherson - "Rice" • ruffin_ready - "tobacco drying" • Pexels - "alone camel desert" • Tark Siala - "Cairo - Egypt" • Arcaion - "water faucet waterworks" • SD-Pictures - "industry sunrise sky" • Gigi Ibrahim - "Boycott it, it stinks - قاطعوها فانها عفنة" • Jorge Lascar - "The Nile at dusk" • 2905102 - "towels textile hygiene" • Sean MacEntee - "Machine" • sonjarotter - "flag egypt wind" • Muhammad غفّاري - "حريق المسرح القومي AFP" • Argenberg - "2007-06-300" • KHGraf - "nile aswan elephantine" • markyharky - "SU-GDL Boeing 777 Egypt Air" • Simon Matzinger - "Shared space." • The Puzzler - "Seaside Hotel" • WikiImages - "egypt nile aerial view" • heatheronhertravels - "Alexandria in Egypt"

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