Unit 5 Government Vocab

Chief of State - the titular head of a nation as distinct from the head of the government

Chief Administrator - is responsible for administrative management of private, public or governmental corporations and the de facto head of the organization

Chief Diplomat - The president is the chief diplomat of the United States. One of his most important diplomatic powers is to recognize foreign governments. When the president receives foreign diplomats, he endorses them in the public's eye

Chief Legislator - the president shapes policy

Presidential Succession - establishes the line of succession to the powers and duties of the office of President of the United States in the event that neither a President nor Vice President is able to "discharge the powers and duties of the office"

National Bonus Plan - This idea, proposed by historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr., retains the current Electoral College system, but also awards extra electoral votes as a bonus to the winner of the popular vote

Imperial Presidency - is a term used to describe the modern presidency of the United States which became popular in the 1960s

Executive Order - a rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law

Treaty - a formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries

Recognition - the action or process of recognizing or being recognized, in particular

Line Item Veto - the power of a president, governor, or other elected executive to reject individual provisions of a bill

Pardon - the action of forgiving or being forgiven for an error or offense

Commutation - action or the process of commuting a judicial sentence

Domestic Affairs - in relation to presidents (except Bill Clinton) refer to things that are happening in politics and government in the US

Foreign Policy - a government's strategy in dealing with other nations

Chief Executive - the president of the United States

Chief of Party - One who provides leadership in the overall management of large projects or initiatives

Commander in Chief - an officer in charge of a major subdivision of a country's armed forces, or of its forces in a particular area

Chief Citizen - the President's job is to represent the people and to work for the public interest. As a representative of the nation's people, the president automatically assumes the role of its chief citizen, or popular leader

Presidential Succession Act of 1947 - establishes the line of succession to the powers and duties of the office of President of the United States in the event that neither a President nor Vice President is able to "discharge the powers and duties of the office"

Executive Article - establishes the executive branch of the federal government, which carries out and enforces federal laws. It includes the President, the Vice President, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and committees

Oath of Office - is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations

Ordinance Power - describes the influence and laws that are enforced on a jurisdiction by authority figures and a local government

Executive Agreement - an international agreement, usually regarding routine administrative matters not warranting a formal treaty, made by the executive branch of the US government without ratification by the Senate

Persona Non Grata - an unacceptable or unwelcome person

Reprieve - cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death)

Clemency - mercy; lenience

Amnesty - an official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses

Foregin Affairs - Policy of a government in dealing with other countries or with activities overseas

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