(Q)"Davis had become active in the cause of the so-called Soledad Brothers, prisoners who had been treated harshly because they organized a Marxist group among the inmates at Soledad State Prison in Soledad, California. She delivered speeches and led demonstrations calling for their parole. On January 13, 1970, 15 militant black and racist white inmates started fighting on the exercise yard. A guard killed one white and three black convicts to stop the fight. The district attorney ruled the action justifiable homicide and the grand jury confirmed this verdict. On that same day, another guard was beaten and thrown over a railing, falling to his death. All 137 convicts in the wing where the murder occurred were confined to their cells. The prison authorities assumed that only the militants could have organized the revenge and blamed the Soledad Brothers. Because of Davis's defense of the Soledad Brothers, she received anonymous death threats. She purchased several weapons and secured them in the Che-Lumumba Club headquarters. A brother of one of the Soledad Brothers became her bodyguard" (Strickland-Hill).
(Q)"The State of California charged Davis with kidnapping, conspiracy, and murder; the Federal Bureau of Investigation placed her on the "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list and undertook a massive two-month search for her. She was arrested in New York, extradited to California, and placed in jail without bail. An international "Free Angela" movement ensued. On February 23, 1972, a judge released Davis on $102,000 bail, which was paid by singer Aretha Franklin. The subsequent trial received worldwide attention. Acting as co-counsel, Davis explained that she had been involved in the liberation struggle of minority groups, in the opposition to the Vietnam War, in the fight to raise the status of women, and in the defense of academic freedom. She went underground because of fear. Her chief counsel, Howard Moore, an Atlantan who defended the Black Power leaders Rap Brown and Stokely Carmichael, argued that there was insufficient evidence to prove Davis was part of the murder plans, as she was not at the scene. Her defense committee was renamed the National Alliance against Racism and Political Repression. Davis was acquitted of all charges" (Strickland-Hill).