Angela Davis A strong female leader in a time of injustice and inequality.

(Q)"Davis had ample opportunity to observe the interplay and impact of classism, sexism, and racism as a child. Her maternal grandmother instilled in her a sense of outrage over slavery, and her activist parents instilled an appreciation for humanity and a desire for a more humane society. In college, her parents were members of the Southern Negro Youth Congress, a civil rights organization. In 1931, they participated in the campaign to free the nine teenage boys in the Scottsboro Boys Case, who were wrongly sentenced to the electric chair for the rape of two white girls. Davis developed a lift-up-the-race mentality. In elementary school, Davis attended civil rights demonstrations with her mother. In high school, she helped to organize interracial study groups that were disbanded by the police" (Strickland-Hill).
(S) In seeing the murder of the four girls at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, Davis was driven to join the civil rights movement. The constant prejudice and injustice ,however, drove her to join more radical groups like the SNCC and the Black Panthers rather than the nonviolent ones (Peniel).
(Q)"Inspired by these thinkers, Newton and Seale developed an intellectual orientation that viewed the black community as a colony exploited by white businessmen, the government, and the police. Eventually, Newton adopted a more Marxist perspective where the liberation of oppressed peoples depended upon their gaining control of their own communities. This Marxist outlook led the Panthers to form alliances with radical whites, Chicanos and other Third World groups" (Foner).
(P) The Black Panthers took actions such as following police around their neighborhoods and communities and participated in community service to win over the black communities. The members wore black outfits in their escapades to show their power and rebellion (Foner).
(Q)"On February 1, 1960, four black college students in Greensboro, North Carolina, demanded service at a Woolworth’s lunch counter. When the staff refused to serve them, they stayed until the store closed. In the following days and weeks this “sit-in” idea spread through the South. At first several hundred and then several thousand students participated in protest against this form of segregation. To support and coordinate this spontaneous movement, Ella Baker, a National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) official, called a conference at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina from April 16 to 18, 1960. It was there that the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was founded. Its first chairman was Nashville, Tennessee college student and political activist Marion Berry" (Carson).
(Q)"Davis had become active in the cause of the so-called Soledad Brothers, prisoners who had been treated harshly because they organized a Marxist group among the inmates at Soledad State Prison in Soledad, California. She delivered speeches and led demonstrations calling for their parole. On January 13, 1970, 15 militant black and racist white inmates started fighting on the exercise yard. A guard killed one white and three black convicts to stop the fight. The district attorney ruled the action justifiable homicide and the grand jury confirmed this verdict. On that same day, another guard was beaten and thrown over a railing, falling to his death. All 137 convicts in the wing where the murder occurred were confined to their cells. The prison authorities assumed that only the militants could have organized the revenge and blamed the Soledad Brothers. Because of Davis's defense of the Soledad Brothers, she received anonymous death threats. She purchased several weapons and secured them in the Che-Lumumba Club headquarters. A brother of one of the Soledad Brothers became her bodyguard" (Strickland-Hill).
(Q)"The State of California charged Davis with kidnapping, conspiracy, and murder; the Federal Bureau of Investigation placed her on the "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list and undertook a massive two-month search for her. She was arrested in New York, extradited to California, and placed in jail without bail. An international "Free Angela" movement ensued. On February 23, 1972, a judge released Davis on $102,000 bail, which was paid by singer Aretha Franklin. The subsequent trial received worldwide attention. Acting as co-counsel, Davis explained that she had been involved in the liberation struggle of minority groups, in the opposition to the Vietnam War, in the fight to raise the status of women, and in the defense of academic freedom. She went underground because of fear. Her chief counsel, Howard Moore, an Atlantan who defended the Black Power leaders Rap Brown and Stokely Carmichael, argued that there was insufficient evidence to prove Davis was part of the murder plans, as she was not at the scene. Her defense committee was renamed the National Alliance against Racism and Political Repression. Davis was acquitted of all charges" (Strickland-Hill).
(Q Primary source)“Something happened during the period of my persecution by the government and the FBI and others. When I was underground, enormous numbers of Black women were arrested and harassed. I came to realize the government feared the political potential of Black women – and that that was a manifestation of a larger plan to push us away from political involvement” (PBS).

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