Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic anemia is when the body fails to produce enough new blood cells. This usually occurs when when the bone marrow fails and cannot function properly.

Causes

  • Medication can cause aplastic anemia.
  • Autoimmune diseases can seep into bone marrow and cause aplastic anemia
  • Radiation or chemotherapy
  • Exposure to toxic chemicals
  • Viral infections
  • Pregnancy
  • Unknown factors

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath without exertion
  • heart palpitations
  • irregular heartbeat
  • pale skin
  • prolonged and frequent infections
  • unexplained and easy bruising
  • skin rash
  • dizziness
  • Headache

Diagnosis

  • Blood Test
  • Bone marrow biopsy

Treatment

  • Blood transfusion for red blood cells or platelets
  • Stem cell transplant
  • immunosuppressants
  • bone marrow supplements
  • For those with Aplastic Anemia caused by radiation or chemotherapy, conditions normally will improve once treatment stops

Prognosis

  • If left untreated, Aplastic Anemia causes a fast death
  • can evolve into cancer such as leukemia

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.