Located in the continent of Europe, Greece covers 130,647 square kilometers of land and 1,310 square kilometers of water, making it the 97th largest nation in the world with a total area of 131,957 square kilometers.
21,956.41 USD (2013)
The climate in Greece is typical of the Mediterranean climate: mild and rainy winters, relatively warm and dry summers and, generally, extended periods of sunshine throughout most of the year.
Athens , the capital, is home to the iconic Parthenon, located on the Acropolis that rises above the city. The Acropolis overlooks the Agora, the commercial and civic heart of ancient Athens, where Plato and Socrates once walked. Athens also has two of Greece's top museums: the New Acropolis Museum (theacropolismuseum.gr), which displays artifacts from the site, and the National Archaeological Museum (namuseum.gr), where you can contemplate art from antiquity recovered around the country.
Not a city for the budget-conscious, Thessaloniki is northern Greece is the country's cultural capital. Deemed one of the world's "ultimate party cities" by Lonely Planet, here you will find a vibrant nightlife, trendy shops and art galleries galore. Thessaloniki also offers, according to Frommer's, the spiciest -- and some of the best -- cuisine in Greece. The city's Byzantine-era churches are UNESCO World Sites.
Considered the navel of the world, by the ancient Greeks, Delphi was home to the oracle of Apollo and the religious heart of the Hellenic world. The Sanctuary of Apollo is situated on the slopes of Mt. Parnassus. Here stands the Temple of Apollo, circa fourth century B.C., where the namesake god was believed to answer questions. Also worthwhile are the Delphi Museum (odysseus.culture.gr), where you can view art from antiquity dedicated to Apollo, and Sanctuary of Athena.
The politics of Greece takes place in a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Greece is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Hellenic Parliament.
The flag of Greece officially recognised by Greece as one of its national symbols, is based on nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white. There is a blue canton in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white cross; the cross symbolises Eastern Orthodox Christianity, the established religion of the Greek people of Greece and Cyprus.