Biomes are a way to divide the earths surface. The alpine biome is a biome that is found in mountain regions worldwide. Most alpine biomes are adapted to grow in sandy and rocky soil. The alpine biome is a very hard place for plants to live in because there is very little carbon dioxide. Temperatures there range from 40 to 60 degrees! The alpine and artic combined cover 16% of earths surface area! Animals that live in the alpine biome must have special adaptations to survive.
Animals that live in the alpine biome have to deal with high UV light exposure and thin atmosphere. The animals adapt to the cold by hibernating, migrating to warmer areas, or insulating their bodies with layers of fat and fur. Alpine animals have larger lungs, more blood cells, and blood that can deal with lower levels of oxygen at higher altitudes. Types of animals that live there are Alpacas, Chinchillas, Llama, mountain goat, and snow leopards!
The alpine biome is a tough place for plants to live in. It's cold and windy and and the sunlight there is very strong. There are only 200 species of alpine plants! There is very little carbon dioxide which is necessary for plants to carry on photosynthesis. When plants die it makes it hard for them to decompose quickly because of the cold weather. Most plants are small ground cover plants which grow and decompose slowly.
Some facts about the alpine biome. The alpine biome is one of the coldest biomes on earth! It's usually below freezing at night. Sunlight in the alpine biome can be dangerous because the high altitude can not filter the rays. The temperature in the alpine biome can change from warm to freezing in one day!