Igbo Religion - Pre vs. Post Colonization Caleb Fulsom, Axel Caballero, Jonathan Hernandez, Francisco Hernandez

Pre-colonial Gods: Caleb

Chukwu: Most important, creator of all

Ala: Earth Goddess, productivity of land

Igwe: Sky god

Igbo people had many other gods as well for wealth, river, yams, drums, etc.

Post-colonial Igbo Gods: Caleb

Colonists stripped the Igbo of traditional beliefs and replaced them with Christian ideals.

Igbo people were taught to believe in Jesus Christ and that there was one god that created all.

Pre-Colonial Sacrifice: Axel

Human sacrifices were seen as something cultural to their religion.

Because of spiritual beliefs, the Igbo believed that sacrifice pleased ancestors.

Gods would give blessing through sacrifice.

The receiver of all sacrifices was Chuwku.

Post-Colonial Sacrifice: Axel

When British colonists arrived, they claimed that sacrifice was uncivil.

Igbo either converted away from sacrifice peacefully or were forced to.

The amount of sacrifices sharply declined after colonization.

Demographic of Religion Pre-colonization: Pancho

Religion in Igboland was nearly a 50/50 between traditional practices and Islamic practices.

Christianity was a heavy minority throughout Igboland.

Post-colonial Religious Demographic: Pancho

Modern day Igboland: 45 - 50% Christian, 50% Islam, 0 - 5% Traditional.

Pre-colonial Places of Worship: Jonathan

Worshiped the Earth Spirit at shrines called: Mbari.

People went to oracle houses where priests would teach them about the gods and spirits.

Used many wooden figures to represent gods.

Post-colonial Places of Worship: Jonathan

Colonists brought christianity and in turn western churches.

Much of modern Igbo worship is done by way of listening to a preacher give a sermon at a church.

Mosques and churches dominate much of Igbo worship.

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