Children in Elizabethan England were often considered to be miniature adults, up until they were 14 and became official adults. Back then there were no teenage years to transition between adulthood and childhood.
A nurse in the nursery, where children spent most of their time. They spent so much time in the nursery because their elders did not want to be disturbed.
The infant mortality rate in Elizabethan England was approximately 33%. Dysentery, scarlet fever, whooping cough, influenza, smallpox, pneumonia, accidents. Families didn’t react strongly about the death because it tended to happen multiple times.
They were expected to be obedient and respectful. The punishment for misbehavior was getting whipped or beat.
Girls attended school in Catholic convents, typically as residents but sometimes as day students. Wealthy parents sent their sons to secular boarding schools, prestigious and typically expensive institutions that taught a wide variety of subjects. The subjects include math, composition, geography, history, latin, greek, french, german, and fencing. Royal children always had tutors.