When home is not home LifE for internally displaced people in COLLECTIVE SHELTERS: IBB, YEMEN
Since 2015, Yemen has been slipping ever deeper into a humanitarian crisis. Eleven months of conflict have seen 6,174 people killed, 29,524 injured, and an estimated 2,509,068 internally displaced.
In Ibb governorate, reports place the number of those internally displaced at somewhere between 130,000 and 300,000. Around 3,500 people have gathered in at least 16 collective shelters in 4 districts (Al Dhihar, Al Mashannah, Dhi As Sufal and Jiblah), where they are living with only basic shelter materials and without access to basic WASH services.
ACTED continues to visit the collective shelters, to talk with people there about their biggest needs and challenges, and conduct needs assessments, focusing on shelter, food security, and WASH. These communities have been largely untouched by the humanitarian response so far, yet have some of the highest needs.
Households are currently using any materials they can to provide some element of shelter and privacy. Large families inhabit small spaces, lack mattresses and share blankets, and are without essential items to cook, clean and live a little more comfortably.
WASH services at collective shelters are extremely poor. Access to clean water is limited, whilst washing and sanitation facilities are non-existent or otherwise often non-functional. Some of the water that is being used is not fit for human use and all these factors combined significantly raise the risk of illness and disease for resident populations.
Environments for cleaning are often unsafe as people are forced to make use of any available unlit, uncovered and unlockable space. Buckets and jerrycans for water storage are often also in short supply. Sometimes, facilities exist but a general lack of repair makes them unusable and at times, unsafe.
Rubbish continues to accumulate as no services and systems are in place to remove waste. This again raises the risk of illness and disease as piles of garbage lay stagnant, attracting vermin.