DiabetesBy Dominick Pizzonia, Vincent Aidala, and John mckiE
What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which there are high amounts of glucose in the blood. There is a high amount of sugar in the blood because the body responds incorrectly to insulin and thus resulting in the body incorrectly breaking down carbohydrates. There are a variety of diabetes but the two main types are Type One and Type Two.
What Body System Is Affected By Diabetes?
Diabetes affects a variety of body systems. One of these body systems is the cardiovascular system. This body system is affected because since there are high levels of sugar in the blood, there is inflammation on the walls of blood vessels because of a build up in plaque. This leads to a decrease in blood flow. Another body system that is affected by diabetes is the nervous system. The nervous system is affected because the diabetes damages many nerve cells. Many of these nerve damages result in problems to blood pressure and the heart. Also the eyes are affected because diabetes causes diabetic retinopathy, which damages the retina of the eyes. Then the urinary system is affected because there is kidney failure found in people with diabetes.
What Body Parts Are Found In Diabetes?
There are many body parts involved in diabetes. Some of these body parts include the eyes, nerves, heart, blood vessels, and kidneys. The eyes are affected by diabetes because since there are large amounts of sugar in the blood, the retina is damaged. When the retina is damaged, the person who has diabetes won't be able to see a large variety of detailed images. Also the nerves are affected by diabetes because the high amounts of glucose damages nerves. When these nerves are damaged, there are problems with the heart and blood vessels. Blood vessels are affected because diabetes causes there to be an increase in plaque in the vessels. This slows down blood flow and causes there to be problems with heartbeat and circulation. Another body part that is involved in diabetes are the kidneyes. They are affected because there is a high risk of kidney failure.
The Effects of Diabetes
Diabetes have many symptoms. These symptoms are constantly present but they do appear. They include an increase in thirst and urination, weight loss, always tired, blurred vision, numb feet, fatigue, and an increase in hunger.
What Are The Dangers Of Diabetes?
Diabetes has many dangers to the body. One of these dangers is to the heart. This disorder brings an increase in chest pain and may cause a stroke, high blood pressure, or heart attack. Another danger is nerve damage. Diabetes can cause there to be numbness in the limbs and this may lead to a complete loss of feeling in these parts of the body. Also there could be kidney damage. The kidney can fail or it can contract various diseases. The eye could also be damaged because blood vessels are damaged in the retina. Also diabetes cause people to have a higher risk of impaired hearing, skin conditions, and Alzheimer's disease. The body can also loose limbs do to diabetes. Because of a lack of circulation in the body, body parts may have to be amputated due to an increase of plaque in blood vessels.
Treatments and Potential Cures
There are many treatments being performed on diabetes to lessen its effects. One of these treatments is monitoring a diabetic's blood sugar levels. Also these people develop new diets and take medications to fight off the disorder. The main medication used is insulin. Along with medication, diabetics exercise. While treatments are being performed, there are potential cures for diabetes. One potential cure is transplanting exogenous beta cells. But this transplant results in a strong reaction from the immune system. So there isn't a cure yet.
Description Of Both Types
Type 1 diabetes is when the pancreas produces little or no insulin and it is a chronic condition. Without this insulin, the sugar can't enter the cell and produce energy. This type of diabetes is also known as Juvenile Diabetes. The other type of diabetes is Type 2 which is also known as diabetes mellitus type 2. This type has high blood sugar and it is a long term metabolic disorder. It is resistant to insulin.