Endocrine Astrid Calderon

Parts of the Endocrine system

Pituitary:

FOUND IN THE BRAIN

APPEARANCE & SIZE:

Looks like a pea & 9.0 mm in size

FUNCTION:

Stimulates all other glands

HORMONAL SECRETIONS:

  • Proletarian (PRL)
  • Growth Hormone (GH)
  • Andrenoctiotropin (ACTH)
  • Luteinizing (LH)
  • Follicle (FSH)
  • Oxytocin
  • Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)

Parts:

  1. anterior
  2. intermediate
  3. posterior lobes

Pineal:

FOUND IN THE BRAIN

APPEARANCE & Size:

looks like pine-cone shaped & 7 x 6 x 3 mm in size

FUNCTION:

  1. Help sleep the body
  2. Maintains heart rhythm
  3. Regulates reproductive Hormone

HORMONAL SECRETIONS:

  • Melation

hypothalamus:

FOUND IN THE BRAIN

APPEARANCE & SIZE:

3 to 4 mm in size

FUNCTION:

Commands Pituitary Gland

HORMONAL SECRETIONS:

None

Parts:

  1. anterior
  2. middle
  3. posterior

Thyroid:

FOUND IN THE THROAT

APPEARANCE & SIZE:

Looks like the Underarmer logo & 4 to 6 cm in size

FUNCTION:

Controls Metabolism

HORMONAL SECRETIONS:

  • Thyroxine
  • Triiodothyronine

Parts:

  1. Right lobe
  2. Left lobe
  3. Isthmus

Parathyroid:

FOUND ON THE THYROID

APPEARANCE & SIZE:

looks like four small ovels & 3-4mm in size

FUNCTION:

Maintain Calcium & Phosphorus levels

HORMONAL SECRETIONS:

  • PTH

Adrenal:

FOUND ON THE KIDNEYS

APPEARANCE & SIZE:

look like roofs on top of the kidneys & 5.0 g each

FUNCTION:

Response to Fight or flight responece

HORMONAL SECRETIONS:

  • Epinephrine
  • norepinphine
  • Aldosterone
  • Cortisol
  • Androgen

PArts:

  1. outer adrenal cortex
  2. inner medulla

Thymus:

FOUND UNDER THE CHEST AND below the sternum

APPEARANCE & SIZE:

Looks like flask & 5 cm in size

Function:

Helps immune functions

HORMONAL SECRETIONS:

  • Thymosins

Parts:

  1. Inner medulla
  2. Outer cortex

Pancreas:

Found behind the stomach

APPEARANCE & SIZE:

Looks like fish shape & 6 inches long

FUNCTION:

Regulation of blood Sugar

HORMONAL SECRETIONS:

  • Gilucagon
  • Insulin

Parts:

  1. head of pancreas
  2. uncinate process of pancreas
  3. pancreatic notch
  4. body of pancreas
  5. anterior surface of pancreas
  6. inferior surface of pancreas
  7. superior margin of pancreas
  8. anterior margin of pancreas
  9. inferior margin of pancreas
  10. omental tuber
  11. tail of pancreas
  12. duodenum

Gonads{Ovaries (Females):

FOUND ABOVE THE BALDER

APPEARANCE & SIZE:

Looks like Two small walnuts & 3-5 cm in size

FUNCTION:

release ova(female eggs)

HORMONAL SECRETIONS:

  • Estrogen
  • Pragestrone

Gonads Testes(males)}:

FOUND BELOW THE PENIS

APPEARANCE & SIZE:

Looks like two ovles & 2 inches in size

FUNCTION:

To produces sperm

Hormonal Secretions:

  • Testusterone

Addison's Disease

symptoms

  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Hyper pigmentation of skin(Bronze color)
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Low blood pressure (hypo-tension)
  • Missed menstrual periods
  • Nausea with or w/out vomiting
  • Salt cravings
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Weakness (loss of strength)

Causes

  • Changes in levels of hormones
  • Immune System attaches the Adrenal glands
  • { Low blood sugar}
  • {Low blood pressure}
  • {High potassium levels}

cures/Treament

  • Hormone replacement therapy for hormone levels
  • Oral Corticosteroid
  • Oral glucocorticoid
  • Mineralocorticoid replacement
  • Corticosteroid injections
  • {Saline Solution injection}
  • {Hydro-cortisone injection}
  • {Dextrose injection}

RECENT DEVELOPMENT/ dISCOVERIES

" modalities such as modified-released hydrocortisone and continuous subcutaneous hydrocortisone infusion have recently been developed. These offer the potential for closer simulation of the physiological serum cortisol rhythm. Two studies have also looked at modifying the natural history of adrenal failure using adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation and immunomodulatory therapies, leading to the concept of residual adrenal function in some Addison's disease patients. (Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, and Endocrine Unit, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.)" https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24755997

cites:

  1. New Discoveries https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24755997
  2. Pictures Google.com
  3. Info. ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/autoimmune-addison-disease
  4. www.healthgrades.com/right-care/endocrinology-and-metabolism/endocrine-disorders--treatments
  5. http://www.emedicinehealth.com/anatomy
Created By
Astrid Calderon
Appreciate

Credits:

Google.com

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