Kenya By: Catherine Sellmer

Introduction

Kenya has the most famous safari destinations in the world. Along with this, it also has very many different cultural groups which can be experienced in a visit to this county. In this presentation, I have information about the themes of geography in Kenya.

Location

The location of a place describes the absolute or relative location of the place. Kenya's relative location is that it is in central Eastern Africa, and is in the eastern, northern, and Southern Hemispheres. The continent that Kenya is located on is Africa.

Above is a picture of the continent that Kenya is located on, Africa.

The capital of Kenya is Nairobi, and the exact location of this city is 1.2921 S, 36.8219 E.

Where Nairobi is located in Kenya.
A picture of the city of Nairobi.
Slums inside Nairobi.
Wildlife roaming just outside the city buildings, since Nairobi is a popular safari destination.

One interesting landform found in Kenya is called the Great Rift Valley, which is the longest trench on the planet's surface. Also found in Kenya is Mount Kenya, the country's highest mountain. You can also find the Chalbi Dessert, which is 62,000 square miles in length.

Above is a picture of the Great Rift Valley.

Video footage of the Great Rift Valley.

A photo of Mount Kenya.
The Chalbi Desert is pictured above.

Kenya has tropical climate, but also has some regional variations, which depend on the altitude. The dry season of the country is June to October, and the wet season is Novemeber to May. Another fact about the weather in Kenya is that the temperature drops 6 degrees Celsius for every 100 meters climbed.

A village experiencing a flood during the wet season in Kenya.
Above is Kenya during its dry season. It is characterized by dead grass and lots of sand.
A group of people experiencing temperature drop while climbing Mount Kenya.

A video on Kenya's climate.

Kenya has many bodies of water in the country. Mara River, Mida Creek, Lake Nakuru, Lake Naivasha, Lake Oloidien, Lake Bogoria, and Dunga Bay are all found in Kenya. The Indian Ocean, Lake Victoria, and Lake Turkana all border it, along with the following countries: Ethopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

A photo of Indian Ocean.
An above view of Lake Victoria.

Place

Place is what makes an area different than others. Place is described in two different ways: physical differences and human differences.

The natural resources that can be found in Kenya are as follows: limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, oil, gas, wildlife, and hydropower.

A limestone quarry in Kenya.
A picture of Vanessa Mellet, a rare gemstone found in Kenya.
A hydropower plant found in Kenya.
Where gas found offshore was found in Kenya.
A salt mine in Kenya.

There are two major cultural groups found in Kenya. The first one is called the Bantu tribes. There are three variations in this tribe, which are the Kikuyu, the Lunya, and the Kamba. The other cultural group found is the Nilotic tribes. They have four variations, which are the Luo, the Kalenilin, the Maasai, and the Turkana.

A picture of some people apart of the Kikuyu.
An old picture of the Luo.
The people of the Maasai.

A video about a Maasai village.

The two main religions of Kenya are Christianity and Islam. 84.8% of Kenya is Christian, while 9.7% is Islamic. The other percentage is a combination of Baha'i, Buddhism, and Hinduism.

A church service in Kenya.
The Pope meeting with a religious leader in Kenya.
People in Kenya participating in a liturgy.

The people of Kenya celebrate many of the same holidays as people in the United States, like Christmas, New Year's, and Easter. However, they have two holidays that we do not have. The first one is called Jamburi Day. This always falls on Deceember 12 because it is the day they got their independence. The other holiday unique to their country is called Madaraka Day. This holiday always falls on June 1 because it was the day they got internal self-rule before getting complete independence.

The President of Kenya inspecting the guards of honor at a Jamhuri Day celebration.
A picture of children skating at Nayo National Stadium of Jamhuri Day as a tradition.
Armed forces parade to celebrate Madaraka Day.

A video about protests that happened on Madaraka Day last year.

Kenya has a representative government and a republic. Kenya used to be separated into 8 different provinces under administration of the provincial commissioner. Their developed system of government has two levels: national government and country government. Also, their general election is every 5 years.

Human-Enviroment Interaction

Human-environment interaction is the relationship between people and their environment and how they work together. The people affect the environment in Kenya by growing many crops.

Kenya is the leading producer of coffee and tea. They also are the third leading export of cabbage, onions, and mangos. The smaller farms grow corn, potatoes, and bananas.

An image of tea farming in Kenya.
Coffee beans after being picked in Kenya.
An example of a small farm where the less popular crops are grown.

For jobs, the main industry is jobs dealing with agriculture. Along with that, some other jobs in Kenya include small-sale consumer goods, oil refining, commercial ship repair, and tourism. The unemployment rate for this country is 38%.

Oil refinery in Kenya.
A commercial ship in the process of being repaired in Kenya.
An example of what tourism jobs are in Kenya. A man above is pictured showing the elephant to a group of tourists.

An informational video of unemployment in Kenya.

Africa has many endangered species. The main ones are African Lion, Grevy's Zebra, Black Rhinoceros, African Elephant, and Cheeta. This animals are endangered because they are hunted by framers who are trying to protect their cattle

Photo of an African Lion.
A picture of a Black Rhinoceros.
A group of African Elephants.

An environmental problem that is currently in Kenya is deforestation. Solutions that have been offered to this problem is something called the grassroots movement. Another problem is overusing their water resources. The solution to this is planning the irrigation of their sugar plantations. The final problem is animal poaching, and to solve this, there has been many national parks and reserves made to protect wildlife.

Region

Region is areas that can be grouped together by a set of things specific to the area. Kenya is divided into 8 separate regions, with a total of 47,997,844 people living in the entire country. The area of the country is 224,445 square miles, with the population being 78.83 people per square kilometer.

The education system in Kenya includes primary, secondary, vocational, and tertiary schools. This follows the 8-4-4 curriculum. Their educational system is very similar to the one in the United States. The literacy rate in males is 81.1% and 74.9% in women in Kenya, while the life expectancy is 61.1 years in males and 65.8 years in females. The per capita GDP is $1133.46 US dollars and is located in the tropical climate zone.

A primary school in Kenya named Orinie Primary School.
Some students who attend Kianda secondary school in Kenya.
Students in Kenya leaning at a vocational school.

Movement

Movement is the moving of people, things/goods, and communications/ideas. Goods that Kenya exports are tea, refined petroleum, cut flowers, coffee, and légumes. Cars, delivery trucks, packages medications, and wheat are all imports to Kenya.

Tea leaves being harvested before being exported.
An example of cut flowers before being exported.
Bags of coffee beans before being exported out of Kenya.
Farmers harvesting the wheat that will soon be imported to Kenya.

The Mau Mau movement had many violent rebellions against the British when trying to gain independence. The British had beat them several times throughout the years, but granted Kenya their independence anyways. They granted them their independence on December 12, 1963, which was the same day their flag was adopted. Kenya's flag (pictured in the background) has black, white, red, and green horizontal stripes. The Maasai shield is pictured in the center.

Another picture of Kenya's flag.

A video of Kenya's national anthem.

Kenya uses modern technology like us. Some of their technology includes laptops, computers, tablets, and phones. However, their transportation is quite different than ours. Their main modes of transportation are buses, trains, and matatus.

Students at school trying out a new tablet in Kenya.
Computers being used as technology in schools.
Phones available in Kenya that are very similar to ones available in the United States.

A video explaining how cell phones are used in schools for educational purposes.

One mode of transportation in Kenya, a bus.
Trains are usually overloaded like shown in the picture above.
What a matatus looks like.

Current Events

One current event is that Kenya's government's opinion on their refugee camp (pictured in background). The government threatened to close it on February 9, 2017. The judge ruled this discriminatory and allowed the refugee camp to stay. The government wanted to close the camp because they felt it was a threat.

Above is a quick summary of this event.

Another picture of people in the refugee camp that was threatened to shut down.

Another current event is that seven doctors in Kenya were put into jail. This is in result of a strike they went on. The protested for better pay. These protests took place on February 14, 2017.

Pictures of people protesting at the doctor's strike.

Travel brochure

Kenya is a great place to travel to! Something that everyone will love seeing is the many animal reserves and parks. There, you can go on safaris and see all the wildlife of the area.

Animals that can be seen on an Kenya safari.

Another cool experience is seeing Mount Kenya. You can see many great views here.

A photo of Mount Kenya.

Another place to see some great views is on Lake Naivasha. This is the highest point of the Great Rift Valley.

A group of people taking a tour of Lake Naivasha.

Something else that is unique to Kenya is experiencing their culture. You can visit many different tribe villages and get to see what it is like to live a day in their villages.

The Malindi beach resort is a great place to stay! It is very relaxing and includes many pools. Along with pools, there is only a short walk to the beach.

A relaxing view of the resort.
View of the beach from the resort.

Along with these great things to do, their climate is perfect year round! Because of their moderate temperatures, anytime is perfect to visit!

Some of the top tourist attractions in Kenya.

A day in the life of a high school resident

The average high school school day in Kenya lasts from 7:30-4:00. They have 9 different periods for 30-40 minutes each, and an hour lunch break. They are required to wear uniforms. After school ends at 4:00, everyone is required to participate in a sports team until 5:30. The most popular sport in Kenya is soccer. If they have large families, when they come home from school, they start their chores and help fix dinner for their families.

High school students in Kenya.
Students of practicing for their sport, soccer.
Enjoying time with their friends while at school.
Created By
Catherine Sellmer
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Credits:

Created with images by The Wandering Angel - "Dawn Blaze" • lhirlimann - "Elephanteau en brousse" • Pexels - "africa kenya safari" • Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the BPL - "Map of Africa" • The Wandering Angel - "Moon Over Mombasa" • 3dman_eu - "sunrise kenya africa" • puliarf - "At a Gallop" • GregMontani - "kilimanjaro kenya mountain" • jbpic - "kilimanjaro mountain africa"

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