A Lunar Eclipse happens when the earth´s shadow blocks the sunlight which otherwise would reflect off the moon. The sunlight´s reflection is what causes us to see the moon.
There are three types of Lunar Eclipses.There are total , partial, and penumbral Lunar Eclipses.The total eclipse is the most dramatic eclipse which is when Earth´s shadow completely covers the sun. Sometimes during this the moon can seen blood red.
During a Solar Eclipse the moon is between the Earth and Sun and the moon casts a shadow over the Earth. This can only happen during a new moon.
There are four different types of Solar Eclipses. The partial , annular, total, and hybrid.A partial Solar Eclipse happens when only part of the moon is covering the sun. A partial eclipse is what you see in this photo.