Southern Africa Lesson 1: 377-396

Landforms and Bodies of Water

There are many types of landforms in South Africa.

They are important to the economy.

Here are a few examples.

Landforms

The Cape of Good Hope is considered a place where two oceans meet.

The Kalahari Desert is a semi-arid savannah.

Table Mountain is a flat peaked mountain.

Bodies of Water

The Zambezi runs 2,200 miles between two countries.

The Orange River is Southern Africa's second longest river.

The Limpopo flows eastward in a huge arc.

Which type of landform is common in South Africa? Plateaus.

A plateau.

Climate - Tropical Zone

The northern half of South Africa is the Tropics.

Most of the rain falls from October to May.

Temperature Zones

Summer days are warm, from 70 to 90 degrees fahrenheit.

Winters are cool, with frosts and freezing temps.

Desert Regions

Western South Africa, western Namibia, and much of Botswana are arid.

Namib gets very little rain.

Question: “Why are temperatures in Southern Africa’s tropical countries generally not hot?”

It is a tropical area that gets alot of rain.

Natural Resources

Question: “What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?”

The resources are coal, iron ore, uranium, copper and others. They are important because they help South Africa's industries grow.

South Africa's Resources

South Africa has the largest mineral reserves in the world.

The reserves have helped Africa's industries grow.

Energy Resources

Mozambique and Angola have large deposits of natural gas.

Angola is a leading oil producer.

Minerals and other Resources

Namibia is one of Africa's richest in mineral resources.

It is also a leading world supplier of diamonds.

Wildlife

Wildebeests, zebras, giraffes, and other animals are found across the region.

Question: “How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?”

They use wood for energy, but now there is less wood, therefore less energy.

Lesson 2: 388-393

History of Southern Africa

Indigenous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years.

Great Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe was built by the Shona people.

Around the year A.D. 900.

The Mutapa Empire

The Shona also built the Mutapa.

This time in the late 1400s.

Other Kingdoms

There was also the Zulu in the 1800s.

Before that, there was the kingdoms of Madagascar in the 1600s.

European Colonies

When the Europeans arrived, they became interested in exploiting Africa's resources.

Clashes in South Africa

Cape Colony was founded by the Dutch in 1652.

The Union of South Africa

The Boers rebelled when the Europeans took control of Africa.

Colonialism in Other Areas

The British and the Boers competed for South Africa.

Question: “Which European country claimed the most territory in Southern Africa in the 1800s?”

Britain.

The Independance and Equal Rights

The French rule in Madagascar ended in 1960.

The End of Portuguese Rule

Portugal refused to give up its African colony.

The Birth of Zimbabwe

Rhodesia's African population demanded a right to vote.

Equal Rights in South Africa

South Africa's industries depended on the labor of black people.

They outnumbered the country's whites.

The white minority stayed in power by limiting the blacks' education.

Lesson 3: 394-401

Life in Southern Africa

The population of Southern Africa is mostly black African.

Population Patterns

Fewer than 2 million live in the smaller countries.

South Africa has 49 million.

Malawi has roughly 250 people per square mile.

Ethnic and Culture Groups

The Shona make up more than 80 percent of the population.

Tswana form the major population group in Botswana.

Mbundu make up most of Angola's population.

Religion and Languages

Most of the people are Christians.

A small percent of the people follow traditional beliefs.

Question: “What is the main religion practiced in Southern Africa?”

Christianity.

Life in Southern Africa

Many rural people follow the traditional beliefs.

Urban Life

Harare, Zimbabwe, has a population of 1.5 million.

Urban Growth and Change

Luanda has problems providing fresh water for all its citizens.

Outbreaks of cholera have resulted from polluted water.

Most of the people live in shantytowns.

Family and Traditional Life

People who move to the cities must adjust to a new lifestyle.

Rural houses are normally thatch and mud.

Question: “Where in their countries do most Southern Africans live?”

Slums or shantytowns.

Southern Africa Today

The region faces serious challenges.

Health Issues

Life expectancy in Southern Africa is very low.

Disease

Malaria is a problem in several countries.

Another big issue is HIV.

HIV/AIDS has no cure and kills millions.

Progress and Growth

Oil and aluminum exports from Angola and Mozambique help finance social projects.

Tourism at national parks also continues to build.

Help From Other Countries

The U.S.A has helped with financial issues in Southern Africa.

Foreign investment has also helped.

Question: “Why is life expectancy in Southern Africa so low?”

Health issues and low water and food supplies.

The End!!!!!!!!1!!!

Credits:

Created with images by rakh1 - "Girraffe" • keijj44 - "mountain peak mountain range" • wongaboo - "Plateau" • hbieser - "zebra wild animal africa" • NeilMoll - "wildebeest mammal wildlife" • KirkOls - "confetti"

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