Landforms and Bodies of Water
There are many types of landforms in South Africa.
They are important to the economy.
Here are a few examples.
The Cape of Good Hope is considered a place where two oceans meet.
The Kalahari Desert is a semi-arid savannah.
Table Mountain is a flat peaked mountain.
Bodies of Water
The Zambezi runs 2,200 miles between two countries.
The Orange River is Southern Africa's second longest river.
The Limpopo flows eastward in a huge arc.
Which type of landform is common in South Africa? Plateaus.
Climate - Tropical Zone
The northern half of South Africa is the Tropics.
Most of the rain falls from October to May.
Summer days are warm, from 70 to 90 degrees fahrenheit.
Winters are cool, with frosts and freezing temps.
Western South Africa, western Namibia, and much of Botswana are arid.
Namib gets very little rain.
Question: “Why are temperatures in Southern Africa’s tropical countries generally not hot?”
It is a tropical area that gets alot of rain.
Question: “What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?”
The resources are coal, iron ore, uranium, copper and others. They are important because they help South Africa's industries grow.
South Africa's Resources
South Africa has the largest mineral reserves in the world.
The reserves have helped Africa's industries grow.
Mozambique and Angola have large deposits of natural gas.
Angola is a leading oil producer.
Minerals and other Resources
Namibia is one of Africa's richest in mineral resources.
It is also a leading world supplier of diamonds.
Wildebeests, zebras, giraffes, and other animals are found across the region.
Question: “How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?”
They use wood for energy, but now there is less wood, therefore less energy.
History of Southern Africa
Indigenous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years.
Zimbabwe was built by the Shona people.
Around the year A.D. 900.
The Mutapa Empire
The Shona also built the Mutapa.
This time in the late 1400s.
There was also the Zulu in the 1800s.
Before that, there was the kingdoms of Madagascar in the 1600s.
When the Europeans arrived, they became interested in exploiting Africa's resources.
Clashes in South Africa
Cape Colony was founded by the Dutch in 1652.
The Union of South Africa
The Boers rebelled when the Europeans took control of Africa.
Colonialism in Other Areas
The British and the Boers competed for South Africa.
Question: “Which European country claimed the most territory in Southern Africa in the 1800s?”
The Independance and Equal Rights
The French rule in Madagascar ended in 1960.
The End of Portuguese Rule
Portugal refused to give up its African colony.
The Birth of Zimbabwe
Rhodesia's African population demanded a right to vote.
Equal Rights in South Africa
South Africa's industries depended on the labor of black people.
They outnumbered the country's whites.
The white minority stayed in power by limiting the blacks' education.
Life in Southern Africa
The population of Southern Africa is mostly black African.
Fewer than 2 million live in the smaller countries.
South Africa has 49 million.
Malawi has roughly 250 people per square mile.
Ethnic and Culture Groups
The Shona make up more than 80 percent of the population.
Tswana form the major population group in Botswana.
Mbundu make up most of Angola's population.
Religion and Languages
Most of the people are Christians.
A small percent of the people follow traditional beliefs.
Question: “What is the main religion practiced in Southern Africa?”
Life in Southern Africa
Many rural people follow the traditional beliefs.
Harare, Zimbabwe, has a population of 1.5 million.
Urban Growth and Change
Luanda has problems providing fresh water for all its citizens.
Outbreaks of cholera have resulted from polluted water.
Most of the people live in shantytowns.
Family and Traditional Life
People who move to the cities must adjust to a new lifestyle.
Rural houses are normally thatch and mud.
Question: “Where in their countries do most Southern Africans live?”
Slums or shantytowns.
Southern Africa Today
The region faces serious challenges.
Life expectancy in Southern Africa is very low.
Malaria is a problem in several countries.
Another big issue is HIV.
HIV/AIDS has no cure and kills millions.
Progress and Growth
Oil and aluminum exports from Angola and Mozambique help finance social projects.
Tourism at national parks also continues to build.
Help From Other Countries
The U.S.A has helped with financial issues in Southern Africa.
Foreign investment has also helped.
Question: “Why is life expectancy in Southern Africa so low?”
Health issues and low water and food supplies.