RADON Hannah and emily

WHAT IS IT?

  • Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that can not be seen, smelled, or tasted.
  • It is a highly radioactive element that was discovered by English physicist Ernest Rutherford in 1899.
  • Radon is the heaviest known gas- nine times denser than air.

Where does it come from?

  • Radon comes from the natural breakdown of uranium.
  • It is usually found in igneous rock and soil, and sometimes water.
  • Since radon is a single atom gas, it can easily penetrate common materials like paper, leather, plastic, low-density plastic, most paints, and building materials, concrete, mortar, tar paper, wood paneling, and most insulations.

DANGER

There have been many scientific trials that show a direct link between lung cancer and high concentrations of radon. In the last year alone there have been 21,000 radon-induced lung cancer deaths in the US which puts radon related lung cancer deaths a close second to cigarette smoking.

treatments

  • In the Home:
  • Active Soil Depressurization: Using plastic pipes (usually through basement floors) and fans to move air outside.
  • There are no treatments to get rid of radon poisoning, only measures that can be taken to prevent further lung damage.

remedies for reducing pollution

  • Radon poison occurs from a natural process, so the pollution can not really be reduced.
  • Radon pollution can be avoided and monitored with frequent radon testing and by removing yourself from areas that contain perfect conditions for producing radon like uranium mines.

case studies

  • According to an environmental radon study executed in Mexico, radon has been detected in soil, groundwater, and air both indoor and outdoors.
  • The geometric mean of indoor radon concentration in urban developments, for example Mexico City, is higher than the worldwide median concentration of radon in housing developments. In some regions of Mexico that is particularly hilly where air pollution is high, radon concentrations are higher than the northern part of the country.

SOURCES

  • "Radon." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, 02 Mar. 2017. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.
  • "Radon Fact Sheet." Radoncom. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.
  • Segovia, N., M. I. Gaso, and M. A. Armienta. "Environmental radon studies in Mexico." Environmental geochemistry and health. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Apr. 2007. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by Gurney5 - "Radioactive" • bykst - "magnifying glass lens increase"

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