Tension Between Two Civilizations
Tension has always existed between Americans and Indians ever since the British sailed settled in America. As time progressed, more and more issues between the two groups formed until finally war broke out between them in the 19th century. In 1858, Minnesota gained statehood within America, and in order to have peace with the Indians, the two groups made a deal. The Indians agreed to live on the land given to them by the American government as long as they received regular payments and supplies. The Americans unfortunately didn't hold up the end of their deal. During the summer of 1862, many Dakotan Indians were enraged by the indifference of the Americans, so in retaliation, they surprise attacked the people of the state killing many Americans. As a response to their attack, the government sentenced 307 Dakotans to death. They also decided to end all treaties with Indians, and kicked them all out of Minnesota causing them to join up with their allies. Because of the Dakotan attack, mass hysteria formed in the hearts of white men and women causing an incident where Colorado natives attacked the Cheyenne tribe without reason. Blake Kettle, tribe leader of the Cheyenne's, moved his tribe to Sand Creek after receiving advice from U.S. agents so a treaty could be formed to prevent further death. This lead to the Sand Creek Massacre, where the Colorado militia slaughtered the women and children of the tribe, and hung up their genitalia and scalps on the Apollo Theatre. Enraged by their attack, the Cheyenne traveled to different tribes and engaged in a war with America known as the Indian Wars. At the end, the tribes were able to end their war with a truce, but that didn't put an end to the brutality towards the Native Americans. More and more massacres occurred and the white people viewed Indians as savages and killers. In order to put an end to all the hostility, President Ulysses S. Grant used different federal branches to create a better relationship between Americans and Indians. One of these organizations was called the Bureau of Indian Affairs.