Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease typically diagnosed in younger children and young adults, where an individual has an insulin deficiency. The individual's pancreas doesn't respond to signals from the brain to produce the hormone insulin, which becomes a problem when the nutrients a person ingests cannot be distributed to the cells in the body.
Individuals diagnosed with either type of diabetes should go see a healthcare nutritionist to find out how to manage his/her diet. Foods that are low in carbs and full of fiber are an excellent choice for both meals and snacks. Sugar intake needs to be limited, eliminating sodas and simple carbs like pastas. Diabetics also need to be sure to read the nutrition facts on any box/bag of food they want to eat. Just because something appears to be healthy, doesn't mean it is.
Carbohydrate intake should be between 45-60 grams per meal, with a total of no more than 180 grams a day to keep blood sugar at a healthy level.
¼ protein, ¼ starch, ½ non starchy vegetables is a good ratio of nutrients per meal, including complex carbs that can be slowly broken and distributed into the blood stream to give you more energy between meals.
Keeping your body healthy goes beyond monitoring your blood sugar and what you eat, exercising is just as important to stay healthy.
Work outs don't have to be rigorous to be beneficial. Cardio workouts can be as simple as jumping jacks or high knees. Getting your heart rate up for 30 minutes every day is vital to maintaining diabetes. For type 1 diabetics, make sure to keep a snack or drink close by to replenish your blood glucose levels because exercise drastically lowers blood glucose levels.
How to Monitor your Blood Sugar and A1C
You should check your blood sugar several times a day usually 1-2 hours after eating a meal. To check your blood sugar, wash your hands and insert a new strip into your monitor. Prick one of your fingers on a side that you do not frequently use, and wait for your blood sugar number to appear on the screen. Before you eat, blood glucose should be around 80mg/dL. After you eat, blood glucose should be around 130mg/dL.
A1C should be monitored as well. A person's A1C is their glucose levels over the past 2-3 months, and should be less than 7%. Consult your doctor about your individual A1C, because every person is unique.