The Great Depression was difficult towards people. One way it was so was the trouble with the economy. Hoover attempted to help, but he seemed to only hurt people more. Roosevelt helped the people with his New Deal, but he did not help enough to entirely stop the depression. World War Two was what finally pulled people out of the depression. In the 1920s, the stock market was booming. Many people invested in it. Therefore, the people were not as conservative with money. They bought a lot of things on credit. This made industry rise. Then the Stock Market Crash made people lose a lot of money, so the people could not keep businesses going. Business owners had companies that did very poorly or failed altogether. This caused a large rise in the unemployment rate, which made people unable to provide for their families. Farmers also struggled. In the 1920s, many farmers were in distress, with the trouble of keeping their farms. They also had trouble with this in the 1930s too, along with the Dust Bowl and droughts to worry about.
Another hardship for people was their home lives. In the 1920s, city life was great for people. They had lots of fun. In the 1930s, however, many lost their jobs, so they lost their homes. The middle and working class got their food at soup kitchens and lived in hoovervilles. Farmers migrated away from farms. Many people got around by illegally riding trains. Middle and working classes had to learn to make do with what they had. However, the wealthy class was practically unaffected by the depression and ignored it. Farmers were hit hard. They already had a hard time in the 1920s and now the Dust Bowl had hit at that time, destroying farms in the Great Plains and forcing farmers away. Women also had rough times. The rate of divorce went up substantially. This left women to provide and take care of their families.
Leisure time for people was their only joy. In the 1920s, people went out and spent money to have fun, at places like clubs. Prohibition made it illegal to drink, but many still did it anyway. They used modern conveniences so they had more free time. People still watched movies and listened to the music, though on the radio, in the 1930s. Now people watched movies and listened to music to escape the depression. Women often listened to the radio and got together with friends to dance. African Americans played their music on the radio instead of at clubs.
Many people wanted to know what the government was going to do about the depression. In the 1920s, President Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover were all Republicans who supported the laissez faire policy. Harding and Coolidge did not do much, whether helpful or hurtful. Hoover, however, was blamed for the depression. The people needed the government’s help to get going again. Hoover tried to help business to indirectly help everyone, but failed. He was shown to be even worse when he had the Bonus Army shot at for wanting their money. The new president, Franklin Roosevelt, decided to get rid of the laissez faire policy. This did not help business owners much since they were now on their own, but when people got their money back they could buy items from business. This helped women, since once they started getting money back they could care for their family better.
The tragedy of the depression impacted the human experience by changing how people act and think.