Neoclassicism Art of the French Revolution


Neo - New.

Classicism - Revival of classical Greek and Roman themes and values.

Neoclassicism - An artistic movement of the 1700-1800s based in France that took historical events as its main theme and used Greek and Roman artwork as models.

Jacques-Louis David

He was the most famous painter in the Neoclassical style, and the most famous artist to emerge from the French Revolution.

He made paintings of the most important incidents during the Revolution and later became Napoleon's official painter.

Jacques-Louis David Gallery

The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David, 1787

The Greek philosopher Socrates is shown as he is about to take poison that will kill him. Socrates is telling his students not to fear death but embrace it. Do you notice any of the familiar Renaissance styles?

The Lictors Returning to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons by Jacques-Louis David, 1789

Here David shows Brutus, who had helped overthrow the kings of Ancient Rome. His sons had worked to restore the king, so Brutus sentenced his own sons to death. This showed the important idea from the French Revolution of sacrificing for the good of the nation.

View the video from Khan Academy as you analyze the two versions of The Death of Marat on your worksheet.

Le Premier Peintre

When Napoleon Bonaparte came to power in the early 1800s, David was commissioned to make several official paintings, including the two below. Click the links and follow along on your worksheets.

Napoleon at Fontainebleau by Paul Delaroche, 1845


Created with images by Institutnationaldhistoiredelart‎ - "Jacques-Louis David, <i>Le Serment des Horaces</i>" • leoncillo sabino - "The Death of Socrates, Jacques Louis David (French, Paris 1748–1825 Brussels).jpg" • Institutnationaldhistoiredelart‎ - "Jacques-Louis David, <i>Les licteurs rapportent à Brutus les corps de ses fils</i>" • AnimatedAtlas - "Death_of_Marat_by_David" • Joaquín Martínez Rosado - "Napoleon Crossing The Alps" • NathaniaJohnson - "The Emporer Napoleon in His Study at the Tuileries"

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