Biotechnology Project Miriam spears

Cloning:

How does it work: Cloning is a generated genetic process where DNA is identically copied.

How it's used: It has been used now to clone other species and replicate DNA .

Issues: It could be dangerous and difficult in replicating DNA and making identical.

Benefits: Cloning can be used to find diseases in genes. It can also cure diseases. More issues could cause health risks to the organism being cloned.

Technology: In order to actually clone the DNA, you have to use technology. It is called a SCNT, or somatic cfell nuclear transfer, which is used to clone animals.

GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms

How does it work: GMO is where genes are forced in to an unrelated plant or animal.

How it's used: It's used in plants and animals, mainly food. Especially processed food.

Issues: Health issues

Benefits: It can help the environment, but won't necessarily be healthy for your body. It also gives farmers the chance produce more nutritious food.

Technology: It is a laboratory process and artificially made products

Stem Cell Research-Adult vs. Embryonic

How does it work: Stem cells replace diseased cells in bodies. This usually happens in blood type diseases.

How it's used: It's routinely transplanted in to the blood.

Issues: Some would call this topic debatable. With the issues and benefits that stem cells can have. But it's true, stem cells can kill you, and some people call it abortion. It is dangerous because you are transferring new cells into your blood.

Benefits: Here's the debatable part: biologists claim that those cells are good cells, they can cure people and people will live longer. There have been cases where people may live from stem cells, but it is a big risk.

Technology: In recent years, what they have used for stem cell research is a bone marrow transplant.

DNA fingerprinting and crime scene investigation

How does it work: Fingerprinting can track down DNA in people.

How it's used: It is used for crimes and tracking down suspects but can also be used to track down inherited diseases in DNA .

Issues: it could cause privacy issues.

Benefits: good for investigating and seeing if you have any diseases

Technology: STR analysis

Personal Ancestry and Paternity kits

How does it work: Paternity kits and your personal ancestry is descent, the system of acknowledged social percentage, which varies from society to society, whereby a person may claim kinship ties with another.

How it's used: it is still used today .

Issues: it can effect what you thought you were.

Benefits:you get to know who your ancestors are.

Technology:computer use.

PCR and Gel Electrophoresis

How does it work: amplifies the fragments of DNA

How it's used:a specific STR made over creating more copies of the fragments

Issues: none

Benefits:amplified piece of DNA by por they can identify a person

Technology: computer usage

Plasmids, Recombinant DNA and Transgenic organisms

How does it work: It has its own origin of replication. They can replicate themselves.

How it's used: they give bacteria genetic advantages

Issues: extraction problems

Benefits: antibiotic resistance

Technology: plasmid vectors

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