Type 1 Diabetes By: Stephanie Knight & Madison McCoy

  • Also Known as Juvenile Diabetes

What causes diabetes?

  • Completly unrelated to weight or diet
  • This type of disease occurs when the immune system turns on the pancreas, attacking and destroying the insulin producing cells.
  • An autoimmune response can begin at any age, but likely to be during childhood.
  • Without the production of insulin the sugar cannot be absorbed into the cells, that is needed to perform and fuel the organs.

Dietary Guidelines

  • A diabetic should eat no more than 180 grams of carbohydrates a day ( 60 grams a meal)
  • A well balanced plate of food for a diabetic would be 1/4 protein, 1/4 starch, and 1/2 non-starchy vegetables.
  • Carbohydrates should provide 45 - 65% of total daily calories.
  • The type and amount of carbohydrate are both important.
  • Best choices are vegetables, fruits, beans, and whole grains. These foods are also high in fiber.
  • Patients with diabetes should monitor their carbohydrate intake either through carbohydrate counting or meal planning exchange lists.
  • Avoid sugary foods, drink and fruit juices.
  • Choose fresh or frozen and opt for citrus fruits when possible
  • Great Choices
  1. Green leafy vegeatbles
  2. Asparagus
  3. Beets
  4. Carrots
  5. Celery
  6. Cucumber
  7. Onions
  8. Peppers
  9. Sprouts
  10. Tomatoes

How Do You Monitor Blood Sugar Daily and Long Term including A1C

  • The A1C test is a blood test that provides information about a person’s average levels of blood glucose, also called blood sugar, over the past 3 months.
  • A1c -- fills this gap by testing your blood sugar in a different way. As your body processes blood sugar, small amounts of glucose naturally bond with hemoglobin, a protein in the red blood cells.
  • To monitor your blood sugar daily you should use a blood glucose monitor, these prick the surface of the skin to draw blood and then use the glucose test strip to test the blood sample.
  • A blood sugar level below 70 mg/dL is too low and can harm you.
  • If you take insulin and your blood sugar is high, you may need to bolus, or take more rapid-acting insulin, to bring your levels down into range.
  • People who use insulin and certain oral diabetes drugs are also at risk of developing low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, which needs to be treated promptly when it occurs.
  • An A1C test is normally used to test for Type 2 Diabetes and diabetes as a pregnant woman.
  • People will have different A1C targets depending on their diabetes history and their general health. Studies have shown that people with diabetes can reduce the risk of diabetes complications by keeping A1C levels below 7 percent.
  • An average diabetic would normally check their blood glucose 2-3 times a day.

Lifestyle or Exercise as a Type 1 Diabetic


  • A diabetic needs to exercise to keep the blood sugar low, but they need to be careful to make sure that your blood sugar doesn't get too low.
  • Sometimes people experience a drop in blood glucose during or after exercise, so it is very important to monitor your blood glucose, take proper precautions, and be prepared to treat hypoglycemia (low blood glucose).
  • To learn how different types of activity affect you, you should frequently check your blood glucose before, during, and after an exercise session.
  • If your blood glucose level is less than 100 mg/dl before you start your activity, try having a small carbohydrate snack (about 15 grams) to increase your blood glucose and reduce your risk for hypoglycemia.

Personal Stories

  • The conversation want something like this:
  • “Your daughter is diabetic.”
  • “What? Did we eat too much sugar? She did just have lunch.”
  • “No it’s not like that, she didn’t cause this.”
  • “What does it mean then? Will she have to a shot?”
  • “Shots. Plural. Always. Jada needs insulin as soon as possible. She would have went into a diabetic coma if we didn’t catch it now. A person can’t go long like this. We can’t answer your questions, you’ll need to see an endocrinologist immediately. ”
  • They told us very little.
  • November 21st would be the last day she would ever go without having to inject or think about calculating or chasing diabetes. Some joys had to end, but new ones began. November 22nd marked a new beginning with a heart full of gratitude. It’s another year I get to spend with my beautiful daughter with no major complications. Diabetes won’t stop her.


Krans, B. (2016, April 8). Type 1 Diabetes Diet. Retrieved December 05, 2016, from http://www.healthline.com/health/type-1-diabetes-diet

The A1C Test and Diabetes | NIDDK. (2014, September). Retrieved December 06, 2016, from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/diagnosis-diabetes-prediabetes/a1c-test

K. P. (2013, November 27). A New Life With Type 1 Diabetes: Jada's Story - My Health Story. Retrieved December 06, 2016, from http://www.everydayhealth.com/columns/my-health-story/a-new-life-with-type-one-diabetes-jadas-story/

Types of Diabetes: Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes | Cornerstones4Care®. (n.d.). Retrieved December 07, 2016, from https://www.cornerstones4care.com/about-diabetes/diabetes-basics/different-types-of-diabetes.html

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.