Case study

The current global poverty is generally at the status of difficulty and adversity just like the problem has always been since the development of societies and civilization. As a huge accomplishment of mankind, global poverty has declined dramatically and greatly over the last decades. Despite the progress made in reducing poverty, the number of people living in extreme poverty globally remains unacceptably high. Global poverty can be demonstrated by these following 3 demographic statistics:

-2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation.

-1 billion children are deprived of one or more services essential to survival and development, etc.

-Only 7 countries account to be home of the whopping 65% of the world's hungry: India, China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan and Ethiopia.

These aforementioned statistics are one of the most surprising and significant ones as these examples actually give us a good and clear approach to solving the problem of global poverty by focusing on the extreme poor and deprived regions specified by datas (65% of the extreme poor is concentrated in only 7 countries). If foreign aids were delivered and provided to help reduce the global poverty, it could be best to formulate on particular regions on the world to offer assistance. And significantly, the world will become a better place once the little steps and changes are being made as part of the progress in the common goal of resolving the global poverty.

The work to end extreme poverty is far from over, and a number of challenges remain. It is becoming even more difficult to reach those remaining in extreme poverty, who often live in fragile contexts and remote areas. Access to good schools, healthcare, electricity, safe water and other critical services remains elusive for many people, often determined by socioeconomic status, gender, ethnicity, and geography. Moreover, for those who have been able to move out of poverty, progress is often temporary: economic shocks, food insecurity and climate change threaten to rob them of their hard-won gains and force them back into poverty.

A staggering number of 1.1 billion people around the world are faced with the devastatingly real situation of living or surviving on one dollar a day. The documentary "Living on 1 dollar" brings the hardship of those living in the rural community of Peña Blanca in Guatemala, but also other places around the world to light. A majority of extremely poor people in Guatemala as well as around the world are workers earning income from picking crops from local farms, but never really know for a certain when they will get paid the next time.

Surprising to many, 1 out of 10 people in the world don't have access to fresh, clean water in their homes.

Many poor or extreme poor people around the world have to depend on unclean or unreliable water sources such as old water pipes or water lines.

Generally summarized the water issue across the globe, about 3.5 million people per year die from water based illness. The very essential necessity for survival like water is still in absence or in need urgently, especially in many many poor regions as the severe lack of usable and clean water can influence the everyday life of the people living in those areas. Water related diseases in extreme poor communities are not uncommon due to the lack of both appliance and knowledge regarding the importance of water.

In Guatemala, around 50% of the children are malnourished and commonly, in order to increase the caloric intake, tortillas are served in meals repetitively and regularly despite of the insufficiency of nutrients. Scaling bigger to the world's size, the food produced in total can be fed to 12 billion people.

Malnutrition is one of the primary problems in the poor regions and countries due to its significant effect on children as they can't grow strong, develop a strong immune system and live a healthy life at its fullest.

There are 2 kinds of malnutrition: acute malnutrition (not having enough food) and chronic malnutrition (not having the right). Having either one, a child cannot grow strong physically and also possibly mentally as a variety of nutrients are necessary for kids at their early years of their life, essentially in the regions of poverty. For instance, a mother living under extreme poverty doesn't have enough food to eat or feed her fetus-baby; most likely the baby will later be heavily affected or malnourished. The negative effects are the results caused by malnourishment, malnutrition or stunting: bad immune system, stunted growth, learning or memory struggle, etc. In a chain, it can be pinpointed that malnutrition in general can lead to generational poverty. And the cause of the continuous hunger among the poor is the high cost or price of the food in respective to them hence, unfortunately the poor stays poor.

After disasters, aids can be provided from various charitable sources. Specifically, there are emergency aid (food, medicine, shelter, etc) and development aid (money and resources to help developing countries become wealthier).

If disasters were to strike on the poor, they would get into a complete predicament as their property, money, everything could be blown away. Not only that, the damages left by disasters would turn extremely difficult to restore without aids from other charitable organizations or sources.

In Guatemala, only 2% of the wealthiest people own up to 70% of the land and the remaining land left for the poor and farmers are not as good and fertile, in fact it's the worst land available to many indigenous farmers throughout the country. Thus, it's reasonable that an incredibly large amount of effort coming from the farmers is required to grow the crops and food on those lands. And when there's a catastrophe occurring on the poor' land, all of their crops or resources including their day by day effort and reliability on the crops will be painfully all gone.

In Guatemala, the majority of people work as farmers or day laborers as their main job. Commonly known as informal job, a job without a formal employment and consistent payment and 75% of Guatemalans have informal jobs comparing to 66% of the people worldwide.

Many problems faced by informal farmers include inconsistent work and income, kids must work instead of going to school and there's almost no ability to save or invest money.

Jobs are an important part of a community, society and nation. Numerous poor and developing countries worldwide are still trying to create more formal jobs for the people as the renowned informal jobs have been radical in impoverished regions and areas. While formal jobs provide and create many benefits and opportunities for the workers, informal jobs are in the complete opposite and still, this is currently problematic in the developing parts of the world.

Poor kids are less likely to go to school even if school is free mainly because they don't have enough resources such as books, utensils, etc for school itself due to the very limited income of their family. Relating to the issue of jobs, lots of kids have to work at their houses to babysit young siblings or work on the field as laborers.

In Guatemala, 60% speak fluent Spanish and the language barriers make native peoples in the country remain poor and face countless of problems such as going to school, meeting doctor for medication, etc.

The problem of education in impoverished regions and countries is understandable as it's directly related to and affected by the issue of money faced by poor families. As explained in details, the income of poor family is incredibly limited due to many factors and this is the biggest challenge for every poor student planning to go to school.

In wealthy countries, 9 out of 10 people have their own bank accounts while only 1 out 10 in the world's poor do not.

Banking is becoming more and more widespread and prevalent in developing countries as it allows people to save and invest their own money in a collateral manner.

Banking has been somewhat rare and uncommon among the poor since there're some barriers present preventing them from signing up for an account: proximity and transportation, literacy and language and qualification for loans. One main problem in banking associated with poor people is that their amount of money put into the bank is usually too insignificant or small hence, meeting no qualifications. However, micro-finance or small, collateral free loans have emerged and arisen in impoverished countries which can give an upper hand for poor in need.

1. The problem here addressed by USAID encompasses the cause and efforts to prevent the ongoing climate change and global warming which are scientifically, primarily caused by the human activities and huge emission of CO2 into the atmosphere. USAID is sharing world-class climate knowledge, data and tools to ensure countries can predict, prepare for and adapt to change or resolve this prevalent and concerned problem. USAID also wants to lay the foundations for sustainable growth powered by clean energy and healthy environment in countries so as to better the world regarding this issue. Statistic demonstrating the issue of climate change:

2. USAID’s mission is to end poverty and advance human prosperity and security. Their climate work safeguards this mission and puts countries on a path to pursue clean energy growth and resilient, low-carbon development. Countries around the world are feeling the effects of climate change, from more intense heat waves, droughts, floods and storms to slower-moving changes like ocean acidification. USAID's official plans and actions in their program regarding the environment and climate are the followings: supporting land tenure policies and resource rights, giving people the right to own and manage natural resources responsibly; Fighting deforestation and planting trees, so that forests continue to provide clean water and air, improve agricultural productivity, slow the rate of climate change, counter desertification, and support economic growth; protecting biodiversity, so that people don’t lose essential goods and services generated by intact and functional ecosystems, and species aren’t lost to extinction; and mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change, so countries can grow without harming the environment while strengthening their resilience to warmer temperatures and weather shocks.

3. USAID plays a key role in global climate action. Reaching about 50 countries with climate and clean energy knowledge, data and tools, USAID helps ensure all countries have the support they need to act on climate. A few accomplishments achieved USAID over the years of encircling the resolution for climate change are: rural Laos renovates water system in face of longer droughts, women use solar power to light up rural villages in India and smart grid technology reduces power. These specific accomplishments have encouraged USAID establish their fixed plans as well actions in their climate change program so as to keep up the progressive improvement and outcomes.

4. One of USAID's climate change programs, Low Emission Development is set to reduce the level of carbon dioxide in dozens of nations across the world. Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) is a flagship U.S. government effort that assists partner countries in developing and implementing LEDS and under EC-LEDS, USAID and other US agencies cooperate with partner countries to pursue and achieve the common goal of bettering the status of climate around the globe.

6. I think USAID's program regarding climate change is effectively working thanks to its broad and wide partnership and cooperation with affiliations such as NASA, US State Department, US Environmental Protection Agency, etc. USAID has addressed numerous outlines and platforms for the effort of improving the current status of climate change all over the globe. Alongside with a large number of partners and affiliations, USAID also provides many generous and broad support to many countries to solve the man-made problem together.

1. Foreign assistance is aid given by the United States to other countries to support global peace, security, and development efforts, and provide humanitarian relief during times of crisis. It is a strategic, economic, and moral imperative for the United States and vital to U.S. national security (US ForeignAssistance.org).

2. 34 billion dollars are planned for spending on foreign aid in 2017.

3. U.S. Government agencies manage and implement foreign assistance funds through programs that benefit countries, regions, and the world. The U.S. Government provides assistance to over 100 countries around the world (US ForeignAssistance.org).

4. Foreign assistance funding is classified into one of nine categories and expected to spend on each of them:

- Peace and Security: $8.3 billion

-Democracy, Human Rights and Governance: $2.7 billion

-Education and Social Services: $1.1 billion

-Health: $9.3 billion

-Economic Development: $3.6 billion

-Humanitarian Assistance: $6.0 billion

-Environment: $1.3 billion:

Credits:

Created with images by FotoshopTofs - "migrant mother woman children" • ToGa Wanderings - "Tapestry of Dharavi - Mumbai" • G20Voice - "Oxfam G20 Stunt"

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