Definition of vitamin and mineral. any of a group of organic compounds that are essential for normal growth and nutrition and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body. a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence
Definition of water-soluble and fat-soluble. able to be dissolved in water. dissolve in fat and are stored in fat throughout the body
Statement of whether your substance is a vitamin or mineral. My substance is a mineral
What is your substance. Sodium
What function does your substance serve in the body. It is involved in regulating blood pressure and blood volume, helps muscle and nerves work properly, and is concerned in the water balance throughout the body. It regulates the acid/alkali balance along with other minerals such as potassium, calcium and magnesium.
What foods are good sources for this substance. salt , caviar
What are your daily needs of this substance. The recommended amount per day is between 1500 mg
What happens if you consume too much of this substance. Consuming too much sodium may lead to high blood pressure. For some people,excess sodium leads to fluid retention in the body, and this causes the heart to have to work harder. If your heart has to pump harder, your blood pressure goes up.Excess dietary sodium may also increase your risk for heart failure and stroke.
What happens if you consume too little of this substance. You can prevent sodium loss by drinking sports drinks that contain electrolytes. While a dietary deficiency is unlikely, you can drive your blood levels of sodium down to dangerous levels if you drink too much water too quickly, resulting in a condition called hyponatremia