global warming affecting animals

Glossary

Arctic ice- it is when ocean water freezes at 29 degrees. Habitats in cold climates are being destroyed cause arctic ice is freezing and animals live there.

Revealed- making something or yourself seen. Revealed is a word that in this article is saying we have seen the effects of are greenhouse gases.

Coastline- the edge and end of a land mass. Coastline relates to the flooding that could happen to places close to coastal line.

Geographic- physical feature of an area

Decade-ten years

Greenhouse gases- is carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, being let into the atmosphere and hurts the ozone layer. Greenhouse gases are changing the climate and the change in climate effects animals offspring by messing up the genes.

Genes- transferring to the offspring

HOW LONG HAS GLOBAL WARMING BEEN AFFECTING ANIMALS?

Animals have been affected by global warming since the industrial revolution started. A recent analysis has shown “that just 90 companies are responsible for 63% of all greenhouse gas emissions since 1854” (Fein).The industrial revolution is the reason for global warming because the factories are giving off greenhouse gases and warming the earth, which is affecting animal habitats. The ocean temperature rising affects “tropical fish and marine life [and they] have been moving to the indian ocean from california due to climate change”(Johnston). Animals have to leave their habitats and find other ways to survive because their food sources are dying.

What is killing the animal habitats so fast?

Humans as a whole are the cause for deforestation and the reason why animals are losing their homes everyday. ”The main causes for habitat loss are logging forests, oil and gas exploration and development, draining swamps and coastal habitats for development, road construction, cattle ranching, mining, pipelines, damming rivers and draining them for irrigation, and urban sprawl, which have degraded and destroyed critical habitats throughout the world” (Udall). All of these causes for habitat loss are because of humans. “This is showing how many things we do that strongly affect the environment, which resulting in animals getting hurt. Humans have already transformed about 43% of the ice-free land surface of the planet, and according to a study from 22 respected biologists and ecologists, the world is approaching a "state shift" in Earth's biosphere where once 50% of the natural landscape is lost, there may be an ecological collapse, threatening the web of life, including humans” (Udall). From all these things we are doing to the land in animals habitats we need to do something to change this. A major thing that would help is trying to stop deforestation of the Amazon Rainforest.

Where is this happening most often?

This is happening more often in antarctica because they have a cold climate and the global temperatures are rising. “Since Antarctica is a big place, climate change is not having a uniform impact, with some areas experiencing increases in sea ice extent.”(climate change in antarctica) The are temperature rising there but it's such a large landmass that it is not a huge problem but there is lots of sea ice melting. “Yet in others, sea ice is decreasing, with measurable impacts on wildlife.”(climate change in antarctica) The amount of sea ice that is melting is taking away habitats and hunting ground for animals. Plus with the ice caps melting it is causing the ocean levels to rise as well.

What animals are affected the most?

Polar bears and penguins are the most affected by the effects of global warming. “Listed as a threatened species since 2008, there are only 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears estimated to be living in the wild.” (Katie Dupere) Climate change has affected them because their homes are melting. Ice caps are melting at an alarming rate. “Adélies are sea ice obligate birds, meaning they can only exist where sea ice is present. Rising global temperatures are causing major habitat shifts for penguins, threatening their ability to thrive in their only livable environment.”(Katie Dupere) Polar bears and penguins are most affected by habitat loss, this is from greenhouse gases.

What can we do globally to reduce greenhouse gases?

There are five main types of greenhouse gases: water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, surface level ozone, nitrous oxides, and fluorinated gases. According to Melissa Petruzzelo, “Human activities, especially fossil fuel combustion since the Industrial Revolution, are responsible for the steady increases in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.” What this means is the emissions we are giving off from cars and factories is raising are atmospheric temperature. The National Parks Website states ways to help reduce the impact of climate change. One way is install solar panels on top of homes, “With the federal and state governments offering residential renewable energy incentives, solar energy is more accessible than ever before, not to mention an excellent long-term investment” (National Parks Service). Solar panels are a way to prevent fossil fuels.

Credits:

Created with images by Unsplash - "polar bear ice bear animal" • NASA Goddard Photo and Video - "Ponds on the Ocean" • NASA Goddard Photo and Video - "Arctic Sea Ice Shrinks To New Low In Satellite Era" • Pexels - "animal cold fur" • Peter Blanchard - "Deforested" • fishbone1 - "jungle walk" • LittleVisuals - "iceberg iceland floating ice" • Moyan_Brenn - "North pole" • MemoryCatcher - "emperor penguins antarctic life" • happymillerman - "Heads Up" • stokpic - "hands world map" • ejaugsburg - "environmental protection nature conservation ecology" • StuartWebster - "Sad Mr. Monkey"

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