Civil Tights (I mean RIghts) terms By Marcus and Nadia

Dred Scott decision- 1857

Dred Scott was a slave in the free state of Illinois and Minneasota. he claimed that since he was in a free state, he should be free. The court disagreed and ruled that all African American people are not and could never be citizens

Emancipation Proclamation- 1863

Abraham Lincoln signed an order saying all slaves were free in the confederate states, but it was not effective because the confederate states felt that they were independent from the union.

13th amendment- 1854

it abolished any type of slavery and the slavery laws before it. Not all states agreed and it happened after the end of the war.

14th Amendment- 1863

people of any race born in the USA are natural born citizens and have protected equal rights

15th Amendment- 1870

said that anyone can vote no matter their race, color, or previous slavery

Plessy vs. Ferguson- 1896

the supreme court ruled that there can be segregated places, as long as everyone got equal accomodations

Brown vs. Board of Education- 1954

segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, this made it possible for black and white students to attend school together.

Montgomery Bus Boycott- 1955

first large scale demonstration against segregation from 1955-1956 until the Supreme court said the segregated bus laws were unconstitutional. Started by Ros(e)a (Park)s who refused to give up her seat to a white man, and she was thrown in jail.

Little Rock Nine- 1957

when 9 black students in a segregated school in Arkansas were prevented from entering, it was considered to be unconstitutional to have segregated schools.

Sit-ins- February 1960

A sit-in was when 4 black college students sat down at one of the lunch counters in North Carolina that was white only and they were declined service. The students refused to move, this was their way of peacefully protesting.

Ruby Bridges- November 1960

she was the first black child to attend an all-white elementary school. many of the white students were pulled out of school by their parents. Ruby kept attending school and eventually graduated.

Freedom Riders- 1961

a group of mixed race people who rode buses to segregated areas in the south to protest bus segregation.

James Meredith- 1962

civil rights activist, first black person to attend the University of Mississippi, even though when school officials learned his race, they rejected him, but Supreme Court said he could attend, but when he arrived the entrance was blocked. He was able to successfully attend and graduate with a degree in political science.

I have a dream Speech- 1963

Martin Luther King JR. delivered his famous speech "i have a dream" to over 250,000 people. The people had gathered as part of the march on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. he called for US citizens to end racism. His speech encouraged the president to pass laws against discrimination.

Credits:

Created with images by KlausHausmann - "hands handcuffs tied up" • shilmar - "portsoy scotland port" • DryHundredFear - "silent diversity" • RNAlexander - "iphone_pic" • Supernico26 - "Crayons de couleur" • kevin dooley - "School bus" • cod_gabriel - "Rose in Bazilescu Park, Bucharest" • illustir - "Park" • karamel - "nuts blue turquoise" • skeeze - "chimpanzee sitting sad" • maelclerambault - "ruby" • a snap happy chappy - "bridge" • talpeanu - "the statue of liberty new york liberty" • skeeze - "cowboy horse riding" • runneralan2004 - "Martin Luther King Memorial"

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