Max Planck Madelyn libby, 1st block

Timeline

  • August 23, 1858- Max Planck was born in Kiel Holsten.
  • January 1, 1868- Planck began studying astrology and math, and even practiced penmanship at the age of ten.
  • January 1, 1877- At this time Max went to Berlin for a year to study Physics with Hermann Von Helmholtz , Gustav Kirchhoff , and Karl Weierstrass.
  • January 1, 1878- Planck passes his qualifing exams after a year of studing physics.
  • June 1, 1880- Max presents his habilitation thesis that states different Equilibrium states of isotropic bodies at different temperatures.
  • April 1, 1885- Max gets appointed as a professor at University of Kiel and taught theoretical physics.
  • January 1, 1892- After being a sucsessful physics proffesor, he was promoted to be a full proffesor, and turned down all other jobs to stay in Berlin, untill he was succeeded by Erwin Schrödinger.
  • January 1, 1894- Planck's well known theory is shown with his interest in Black Body radiation. It states that electromagnetic energy could be emitted only in quantized form. He came up with E = hν an equasion using the plank constant, which he invented in 1899.
  • 1900-1905: Planck announced his findings in 1900, and in 1905, Albert Einstein used Planck's quantum theory to describe the particle properties of light.
  • 1940-1947: Planck remained in Germany during World War II and was outspoken in his opposition to the Nazi regime. After the war, he was appointed the head of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, which was renamed the Max Planck Institute. Max Planck died soon afterward in 1947.
Born: April 23, 1858 Place of Birth: Kiel, Duchy of Holstein Mother: Emma Patzig Father: Julius Wilhelm von Planck
Dr. Max Planck, Nobel Prize-winner and originator of the Quantum Theory which provided one of the basic propositions underlying the splitting of the atom, died October 4th, 1947, the Goettingen University clinic announced today. His age was 89. Dr. Planck's first wife, Marie Merck, died twenty years after their marriage. He then married Margarethe von Hoesslin. He was the father of three sons and twin daughters. Even in old age he clung to his hobby for mountain climbing, and retained vigorous good health. COD: Old age.

Newspaper Article

As a young student Planck had shown great promise in music, but a remarkable mathematics teacher turned his interest toward science. After gaining degrees from the Universities of Berlin and Munich, he focused on thermodynamics, the study of heat and energy. He was especially interested in the nature of radiation from hot materials. In 1901, he hypothesized a theory that perfectly described the experimental evidence, but part of it was a radical new idea: energy did not flow in a steady continuum, but was delivered in discrete packets Planck later called quanta. This conclusion was the first enunciation of the quantum theory. According to Planck, the energy of a quantum of light is equal to the frequency of the light multiplied by a constant. His original theory has since had abundant experimental verification, and the growth of the quantum theory has brought about a fundamental change in the physicist’s concept of light and matter, both of which are now thought to combine the properties of waves and particles. That explained why, for example, a hot iron poker glows distinctly red and white. Planck, a conservative man, was not trying to revolutionize physics at all, just to explain the particular phenomenon he was studying. He had tried to reconcile the facts with classical physics, but that hadn't worked. Planck was an extremely successful physicist, receiving the Nobel Prize in 1919.

Works Cited

  • Planck's Constant. Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia. 1p. 1, 2016.
  • http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0423.html
  • https://www.britannica.com/biography/Max-Planck

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