Phrases & Prepositional Phrases BY: Karla Rivera, Isabella Ahued, Natalie Calbo, Reaiah Cummings, Samy Rodriguez, Chloe carignan


  • A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and that does not contain both a verb and its subject, usually forming components of clauses.
  • Example: He was waiting for the rain to stop.
  • She was upset when it didn't boil.
  • You have been sleeping for a long time.
  • You might enjoy a massage.
  • He was eager to eat dinner.


  • A prepositional phrase includes a preposition, the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object.


  • They answer questions such as Which one? What Kind? How? Where? When? To what extent?
  • A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to another word.
  • Examples: of, to, for, with, on, at, from, by, about, as, into, like, through, after, over, between, out, against, during, without, before, under around among.
  • Compound Prepositions: A preposition that consists of two or more words.
  • Examples: according to, as to, aside from, because of, by means of, in addition to, in front of, in place of, in spite of, instead of, on account of, prior to.


  • Modifier: Adjective


  • Noun: Person, place, thing, or idea
  • Pronoun: Relative, Interrogative, Demonstrative, Indefinite, Personal , Reflexive, Intensive.


  • A word that can act as a verb, but is being used as a noun
  • Examples: Reading helps you learn English
  • The best thing for your health is not smoking.


  • Clause: a group of related words containing a subject to tell the reader what the sentence is about, and a verb that tells the reader what the subject is doing
  • Examples: When the saints go marching in
  • because she smiled at him

Examples of Prepositional Phrases

  • Which one: The flower in the vase is a peony.
  • What kind: The umbrella with the polka-dots is Mary Anne's.
  • Where: We will be going to the movies.
  • When: My lunch period is after science.
  • How: You are walking on your tiptoes.


Created with images by Couleur - "wave sea water"

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