Flying Shuttle invented. This sped up the process of spinning thread on a loom. This allowed for textiles to be mass produced.
James Hargreaves created the spinning jenny. This allowed for yarn to be produced faster, to keep up with the new, faster looms spinning it. Perfected by 1786.
James Hargreaves, inventor of the Spinning Jenny.
Edmund Cartwright created a loom that was powered by water in 1787. This allowed for textiles to be created even faster. Also began collectivizing of workers into one place, since the workers needed water from the rivers. Factories develop.
James Watt invented the steam engine in the 1760's. It allowed for increased mining productivity. In 1782, he figured out how to use that stem engine to turn turbines, and so mechanical parts could be moved by it. The steam engine sets many other technological advancements into motion.
The British Henry Cort discovered a way to refine iron in the 1780's, which he called puddling. This allowed for iron to be stronger, more refined, and more easily produced.
Richard Trevithick created the first Steam-Powered Train. It hauled cargo and people at around 5 miles per hour. While this seems pretty awful and not useful, it provided the gateway for much more technological expansion.
The steam train was severely improve upon. The first public railway line was held by Stephenson's train, Rocket. It travelled at 16 miles per hour, which was fantastic for its time.
People would continue to improve upon the steam train until it hit around 50 miles per hour, which is an astounding speed for the people of the time period.