Diabetes kiara garrett + Madison bobbitt

DIABETES

A disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetes develops when the body does not make enough insulin or is not able to use insulin efficiently, or both. Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to get glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body.

Dietary Guidelines for a Type 1 Diabetic

After immediately eating, carbohydrates break down glucose and proteins into amino acids. Carbohydrates is basically the sugar in food, so like bread is carbohydrates because it's pure sugar. With type 1 diabetes you have to watch and probably keep a food journal to keep up with what you eat daily. You should portion control the amount of food you eat, and that's where the food journal comes in. Fiber does not raise blood sugar, nutrient dense carbohydrates is recommended. It is highly crucial that you lower your intake of unhealthy fats. You want to eat about 50 grams of carbohydrates per meal, 20 grams of fat, and 25 grams of protein each meal. You should also incorporate exercise into your daily life. A plate of food should be 1/4 protein, 1/4 starch, and 1/2 of non-starchy vegetables.

Blood Sugar Monitoring

Blood sugar testing is an important part of diabetes.If you have diabetes, self-testing your blood sugar (blood glucose) can be an important tool in managing your treatment plan and preventing long-term complications of diabetes. You can test your blood sugar at home with a portable electronic device (glucose meter) that measures sugar level in a small drop of your blood. Before eating, your blood sugar should be under 100 mg/dL. 2 hours after you have eaten, your blood sugar should be at 140 mg/dL or lower. The A1C test is a blood test that provides information about a person’s average levels of blood glucose, also called blood sugar, over the past 3 months. The A1C test result is reported as a percentage. The higher the percentage, the higher a person’s blood glucose levels have been. A person with Type 1 diabetes, there A1C should be below 7.

Lifestyle and Exercise

When you first get type 1 diabetes, your life will change drastically. Not only will you have to monitor your blood sugar, you will also have to watch the kind of foods you eat and how much you consume daily. With type 1 diabetes, there is no way you can get away with not monitoring what you eat at each meal, exercising, and keeping that food journal we talked about in the dietary background section. One thing you will have to keep with you at all times is sugar pills. If your blood sugar gets too low, you just take one. If you do not have any just try to keep a candy or sugary drink on you.

With type 1 diabetes, exercise is an important part of your life. Exercising will help anyone keep up with being fit, but it will help people control their diabetes and prevent long term complications. It well help you control your blood glucose. While or after your workout your blood glucose has a high chance of dropping, so you need to keep a close eye on your blood glucose. If your blood glucose is already low before you workout you should eat a snack so it doesn't drop at an alarming rate. But how high or low your blood glucose is after you exercise depends on what kind you do. Vigorous exercises might make your blood sugar drop, but not working out at all will make your blood sugar peak.

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Citations

http://www.t1everydaymagic.com/getting-the-diagnosis-jens-story/

http://www.diabetes.org/?referrer=https://www.google.com/

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/diagnosis-diabetes-prediabetes/a1c-test

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