Changes in Agriculture The Different Agricultural Revolutions by: Amber Pomeroy

The First Agricultural Revolution

The domestication of plants and animals

When was this occurring? The First Agricultural Revolution was going on more than 11,000 years ago. Although the exact time period of the Revolution is unknown due to little existing records of the events. There has also been speculation that the time period may have differed depending on what part of the world these people were citizens.

What did the people do? The Revolution began after the last Ice Age as people began to realise they needed to find land that they could find food on. This land was typically well irrigated, warm and centered around large rivers or bodies of water. The First Agricultural Revolution consisted of people hunting and gathering to find their food. They would also use the skins and fur from the animals that they hunted to create shelters and clothing. Today, this remains the oldest method of obtaining food.

How did it change their lives? These were the first people to discover sustainable food products. If not for the First Agricultural Revolution, many technological advancements, and societal changes, with our food would not exist today.

One popular animal to hunt was buffalo because of how much meat they provided. Nuts and berries were gathered because the work was not difficult and they could be found all over the place. Fur was a great source of reliable heat and sturdy shelter.

The Second Agricultural Revolution

Agriculture benefited by the Industrial Revolution to increase production and distribution of products.

When did this occur? The Second Agricultural Revolution occurred from 1700-1900 in developed countries. Some of the less developed countries are still in the Second Agricultural Revolution while most countries have moved on and advanced to the Third Agricultural Revolution.

What did people do? Technology allowed for huge advancements in the quantity of products being produced and the amount of income the farmers would gain as a result. The fields previously used were now doubled or tripled in size.

Wheat is one of the oldest crops existing today and it was very popular back in the Second Agricultural Revolution because of it's multi-purpose qualities. The plow was a huge advancement during the Second Agricultural Revolution because it allowed for very fast and efficient clearing of land. The seed drill was also a large improvement because the farmers could now plant crops in less than half the time and in large quantities.

The Third Agricultural Revolution

Also known as the Green Revolution, this revolution includes new agricultural practices that help farmers all around the world.

Eliminate hunger by improving crop performance.

When did this occur? The Third Agricultural Revolution in currently occurring within the 21 century. This began during the late nineteenth century.

What changes happened in farming? Farming started to take a turn to pleasing the companies rather than pleasing the consumers. There was much more marketing of the products. The most prevalent change happened when scientists and farmers started developing GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms.) Companies were not pleased with the quality of their produce so they starting changing them to how they wanted them by taking genes from different species and inserting them into the product.

Farmers started harvesting in much larger and faster quantities to please the wants of companies and their consumers. Genetically Modified Organisms became very popular because it gave people a chance to create a "perfect product".

Credits:

Created with images by Pezibear - "calf brown reddish" • DEZALB - "south africa park kruger" • schuetz-mediendesign - "castanea chestnut fruit" • Ruth and Dave - "Furs in the Fort Langley storehouse" • elias_daniel - "Wheat field" • hurricanemaine - "Green plow" • HerryLawford - "Stocks"

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