Thesis: Shakespeare has achieved many important achievements in his life, and he is often praised for them even after death.
EARLY LIFE: Shakespeare has successfully given himself a head start in his career to start successfully
."Beginning at about the age of 7, William probably attended the Stratford grammar school with other boys of his social class. The school’s highly qualified teachers were graduates of Oxford University. Students spent about nine hours a day in school. They attended classes the year around, except for three brief holiday periods. The teachers enforced strict discipline and physically punished students who broke the rules. The students chiefly studied Latin, the language of ancient Rome. Knowledge of Latin was necessary for a career in medicine, law, or the church. In addition, the ability to read Latin was considered a sign of an educated person. Young Shakespeare may have read such outstanding ancient Roman authors as Cicero, Ovid, Plautus, Seneca, Terence, and Virgil." (Lander)
Commentary: Shakespeare's early life was unclear, but records show that he has been learning literature and English since young age, giving a little information about his education.
"The Lord Chamberlain’s Men were one of the most popular companies in London. In large part because of Shakespeare’s talents, they would go on to become the dominant company in England during the late 1500’s and early 1600’s. Shakespeare’s position as sharer allowed him to achieve a level of financial success unmatched by other dramatists of the age, many of whom lived in poverty. Most playwrights were free-lancers who were paid a one-time fee for their plays and usually worked for several companies. After 1594, Shakespeare maintained a relationship with a single company." (Lander)
Commentary: This quote tells that Shakespeare financially succeeded and helped The Lord Chamberlain's men become one of the most popular acting companies in London, starting his early career successfully.
Achievements: Shakespeare has been famous for many achievements he has finished in his lifetime, and is often praised for them.
"The poem Venus and Adonis is witty and filled with sexual references. But the work is most notable for its vivid settings and its formal and elaborate speeches. Venus and Adonis represents Shakespeare’s successful attempt to write the kind of love poetry that was fashionable in court circles and enormously popular." (Lander)
Commentary: Shakespeare has been able to elaborately write a narrative poem and succeed in his career, "Venus and Adonis" is a famous poem he has written which helped him succeed in his career, and he is praised for.
"The popularity of Romeo and Juliet owes much to Shakespeare’s sympathy for the young people in the play. Although the play does suggest that the boldness of young love is dangerous, Shakespeare does not present Romeo and Juliet as responsible for their fate. Instead, the play draws attention to the violence and aggressiveness that shapes the adult world. The success of the play also comes from effective characterizations and intensely lyrical poetry. Shakespeare’s language shows signs of the simpler, more direct style he would use in his later tragedies." (Lander)
Commentary: Shakespeare has used not only his elaborate writing, but sympathy for the younger people and tried to understand young love and write in a sympathetic way for young, reckless, love, and that's what made his play "The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet" a famous play that has been acted out many times and gained fame.
"In 1576, James Burbage built England’s first successful public theater, called simply The Theatre. It stood in a suburb north of London, outside the strict supervision of London government authorities. Soon other public theaters were built in the London suburbs. These theaters included the Curtain, the Rose, and the Swan. In 1599, Shakespeare and his associates built the Globe Theatre." (Lander)
Commentary: This particular quote shows how Shakespeare, along with many other companies, built theaters, and were successful because they had many actors in their theaters to act out the plays, and Shakespeare already made Lord Chamberlain's men, (the King's men later) one of the most famous acting companies.
"Most of Shakespeare’s plays were written for the public theater. However, The Winter’s Tale, Cymbeline, and The Tempest all take advantage of the different kinds of staging made possible by the Blackfriars. For example, these later plays used the more sophisticated stage machinery to represent flight. The more intimate space also allowed the inclusion of more musical interludes, both during the plays and during intermissions. Although the Blackfriars had an important impact on these later plays, what follows will focus chiefly on the design and structure of public theaters." (Lander)
Commentary: Shakespeare and the King's men have created plays that took advantage of the theaters they acted in and gained popularity through their plays, also, Shakespeare's plays were popular to all economic classes because most of his plays were written for the public theater, where even poor people could watch a play with the price of a penny.
"Shakespeare’s style has helped shape the language of all English-speaking countries. This influence has chiefly been felt directly through his writings. But it has also been felt through the interest his work has aroused in the literature of the Elizabethan period in general. Many later writers in English have accepted the Elizabethan style as their model. As a result, much English and American literature reflects the highly individualized enthusiasm of most Elizabethan writing." (Lander)
Commentary: Shakespeare's writing style was not only used in language, but helped to shape the language of all English speaking countries, he made many words and added them to the English vocabulary, and through his work that people were interested in, he was able to make others use Elizabethan style as their model in language.
"Throughout the 1590’s, Shakespeare’s reputation continued to grow. From 1594 to 1608, he was fully involved in the London theater world. In addition to his duties as a sharer and actor in the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, he wrote an average of almost two plays a year for his company. During much of this period, Shakespeare ranked as London’s most popular playwright, based on the number of times his plays were performed and published. But his reputation was largely that of a popular playwright, not of a writer of unequaled genius." (Lander)
Commentary: Shakespeare's reputation grew to the highest through the 1590s, as he was deemed as London's most popular playwright, because his plays were performed many times in theaters. However, his reputation was about being a popular playwright, not a writer of high intellect, as he was.
Shakespeare's last years and praise after Death: Although Shakespeare's works were praised when he was alive as well, but in his last years and after death, he has finished more works and was praised after death.
"During his last eight years, Shakespeare was the sole author of only three plays—Cymbeline, The Tempest, and The Winter’s Tale. He collaborated with John Fletcher, another English dramatist, in writing three more plays. By 1612, Shakespeare had become England’s most successful playwright. He apparently divided his time between Stratford and London. He had lodgings in London at least until 1604 and probably until 1611. By 1612, he may have spent much of his time in the comforts of New Place in Stratford." (Lander)
Commentary: In his last years, Shakespeare wrote 3 plays on his own, then started to work with John Fletcher to make more plays. By 1612, he had become England's most successful playwright ever. He spent his last years in London and Stratford, moving back and forth between the two.
"In 1879, a Shakespeare Memorial was completed on the riverbank above the church. It includes a theater, a museum, and a library that contains valuable books and manuscripts having to do with Shakespeare and his life. The theater burned in 1926, but people immediately donated funds to rebuild it. The new theater, designed by Elisabeth Scott, opened in 1932. It is called the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. The Royal Shakespeare Company performs Shakespeare's plays there. This permanent company includes many of the United Kingdom's finest actors, actresses, and directors. A Shakespeare Center was opened in 1964 to house the Shakespeare collections and provide a meeting place for scholars." (Mounfield)
Commentary: After death, Shakespeare's memorial was built with the money that the people donated, as they seemed to want a memorial for him as well. They created a theater, a museum, and a library that contains books and manuscripts having to do with Shakespeare in the memorial. Also, "The Royal Shakespeare Company", a permanent company made for him, has many of the United Kingdom's finest actors, actresses, and directors to act out his plays to many people.
Anderson, Richard. “Location in 1576.” Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003.
Lander, Jesse M. “Shakespeare, William.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.
Mounfield, Peter R. “Stratford-upon-Avon.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 9 Dec. 2016.