The LGBT Civil Rights Movement ELena salladay

LGBT Civil Rights Movement

Throughout history many social groups have suffered injustice. The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) community has gone through plenty of situations to fight for their rights and continue to do so today. They have been restricted in many ways by not being allowed to work federal jobs, not being able to be openly gay in the military, through police brutality, and not being able to marry whom they please. Beginning in 1924 Henry Gerber created the first official documented gay rights organization- The Society for Human Rights, which was the stepping stone for this movement. Later on through history, the LGBT community was unable to obtain any federal jobs thanks to Executive Order 10450. Police raids began taking place around the late 1960s in places that made this community feel safe and welcomed. Things began to take a turn just a year later due to pride parades in popular cities throughout the United States, the creation of the rainbow flag, and seemed to be an uprising in their movement. But like any movement, it has its ups and downs, nothing is ever just butterflies and rainbows all of the time. Bill Clinton created the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy not allowing people to be openly gay in the military, he also created The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), which banned the federal recognition of same-sex marriage. Again another turn was taken in 2015 when DOMA was struck down by the Supreme Court stating that every state cannot ban same-sex marriage, and within a year later Obama designated the spot for the first LGBT monument. The LGBT community's fight is still not over today, and hope for equality in America for everyone.

CAUSE:

April 1952 - American Psychiatric Association

People began to believe that homosexuality was something that could be cured and was a mental disorder, therefore they listed it as a sociopathic personality disturbance.

June 28, 1969 - Stonewall Riots

Police began to raid many places including the Stonewall Inn, which was a hideout for homosexuals.

EFFECT:

June 27-28, 1970 - Pride Parade

Due to the anniversary of the Stonewall riots, many citizens got together to march in parades to celebrate LGBT.

June 26, 2015 - Supreme Court Ruling

Same-sex marriage can no longer be banned by any state in the United States due to the supreme court ruling 5-4.

June 24, 2016 - Stonewall National Monument

The first national monument for LGBT was designed and created.

BELIEFS:

December 10, 1924 - Henry Gerber

Gerber was inspired during World War 2 while in Germany by Magnus Hirschfeld to create the first gay rights organization.

MUSIC/ART:

1978 - Gilbert Baker

Baker created the symbol of the rainbow flag which is now used today to represent LGBT, it replaced the pink triangles that were used to identify homosexuals in Germany during the holocaust.

LIMITS:

April 27, 1953 - Executive Order 10450

During this time period president Eisenhower signed an executive order prohibiting homosexuals to work any federal jobs.

December 21, 1993 - “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

President Clinton signed executive order 13087, prohibiting anyone to be openly gay in the military.

September 21, 1996 - “DOMA”

President Clinton signed a federal law banning the recognition of same sex marriage, it stated that marriage is strictly between a man and woman.

Credits:

Created with images by rihaij - "flag rainbow sun"

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