Apartheid began when Dutch settlers made their way into south Africa to begin colonizing it. Because there were many valuable resources in this part of the world, many people were attracted to it. As if there wasn't already enough, there was also very good land for farming. The Dutch forces the black Africans to a different area with much worse living conditions, while the whites kept the good land and resources to themselves. Since the more powerful Africans were white even after the Dutch and English left, many more years of suffering occurred in South Africa (even after they gained independence).