Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism
These three philosophies were telling people the way to live life. Confucianism: you should respect your elders and the government shouldn't be corrupt and take bribes. Daoism: They believed in the Dao the natural way of the universe. They also thought that the yin and yang were opposite forces working together to balance light and dark. Buddhism: The goal is to reach Nirvana(a state of peace). It is based on overcoming selfish desires.
Social hierarchies(top to bottom)
King,government officials, farmers and artisans
Some people believed if they took care of their ancestors they would treat them well. For example they had shrines to their ancestors and sometimes they would set out food or even burn "spirit money" for their ancestors. If they didn't take care and honor their ancestors bad things could come upon them.
Calligraphy- The art of producing decorative handwriting or lettering with a pen or brush. Seismometer- an instrument that measure the motion of the ground. Acupuncture- pricking the skin or tissue to alleviate pain. Originated in China. Lacquer- the sap of the lacquer tree used to varnish wood or other materials.