Elements Of Drama By:Nicholas Vang


Def: an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.

"The problem with love these days is that soceity has taught the human race to stare at other people with their eyes tather than their souls." -Christopher Poindexter

Comic Relief

Def: an amusing scene, incident, or speech introduced into serious or tragic elements, as in a play, in order to provide temporary relief from tension, or to intensify the dramatic action.

Goober Pyle and his happy go-lucky cousin Gomer offered endless hours of comic relief on The Andy Griffith Show. -Brittany Jones-Cooper


Def: a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play.

"How could I possibly be expected to handle school on a day like this"

Foil Characters

Def: a character who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.

MERCUTIO: Romeo, Humors! Madman! Passion! Lover!Appear thou in the likeness of a sigh, speak but one rhyme and I am satisfied. Cry but "Ay me!" Pronounce but "love" and "dove"


Def: a long speech by one actor in a play or movie, or as part of a theatrical or broadcast program.

Juliet- I sent the Nurse at nine o'clock. Maybe she can’t find him. That can’t be. Oh, she’s slow! Love’s messengers should be thoughts, which fly ten times faster than sunbeams. They should be strong enough to push shadows over the dark hills. That’s the way doves carry Venus so fast, and that’s why Cupid has wings that let him fly as fast as the wind. Now it’s noon. That’s three hours since nine o'clock, but she hasn’t come back. If she was young and passionate, she’d move as fast as a ball. My words would bounce her to my sweet love, and his words would bounce her back to me. But a lot of old people act like they’re already dead—sluggish, slow, fat, and colorless, like lead.


Def: conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie.

Romeo- Lady, by yonder blessed moon I swear That tips with silver all these fruit-tree tops-- Juliet- O, swear not by the moon, the inconstant moon, That monthly changes in her circled orb, Lest that thy love prove likewise variable.


Def: an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play.

Juliet-But wait, what’s that light in the window over there? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. Rise up, beautiful sun, and kill the jealous moonDiana is the goddess of the moon and of virginity. Romeo implies that Juliet is a servant of the moon as long as she’s a virgin. jealous moon. The moon is already sick and pale with grief because you, Juliet, her maid, are more beautiful than she. Don’t be her maid, because she is jealous. Virginity makes her look sick and green. Only fools hold on to their virginity. Let it go. Oh, there’s my lady! Oh, it is my love. Oh, I wish she knew how much I love her. She’s talking, but she’s not saying anything. So what? Her eyes are saying something. I will answer them. I am too bold. She’s not talking to me. Two of the brightest stars in the whole sky had to go away on business, and they’re asking her eyes to twinkle in their places until they return. What if her eyes were in the sky and the stars were in her head?—The brightness of her cheeks would outshine the stars the way the sun outshines a lamp. If her eyes were in the night sky, they would shine so brightly through space that birds would start singing, thinking her light was the light of day. Look how she leans her hand on her cheek. Oh, I wish I was the glove on that hand so that I could touch that cheek.

Tragic Hero

Def: a literary character who makes a judgment error that inevitably leads to his/her own destruction.

Davy Jones from “Pirates of the Caribbean” -Davy Jones is a modern example of a typical tragic hero. He is basically a sea captain, who falls in love with sea goddess, Calypso. However, Calypso breaks Jones’ heart, making him enraged, tragic and bitter. He grows into a mixture of a humanoid and octopus and leads his savage crew on raids in the entire sea on his ship, the Flying Dutchman. At first, he was not bad, but his beloved breaks his heart that turns him into bad man. Eventually, Will Sparrow kills him. Jones’ hamartia is that he is a broken-hearted hero, who suffers at the hands of his beloved, Calypso.


Def: a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction

“I will bestow him, and will answer well The death I gave him. So, again, good night. I must be cruel, only to be kind:Thus bad begins and worse remains behind. One word more, good lady.” - William Shakespehere


Def: be a warning or indication of (a future event).

"Of Mice and Men" - In John Steinbeck’s novel “Of Mice and Men”, George killing Candy’s dog foreshadows George killing Lennie because Lennie is identical to the dog. Even the nature of the death of the dog was the same as Lennie’s as both were shot in the back of the head. He chooses to kill Lennie himself in order to save him from being killed by a stranger.

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