Macronutrients in Food Lipids carbs proteins

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LIPIDS

Whipped cream is high in lipids, and can sometimes contain as much as 39 % fat.

WHAT ARE LIPIDS?

Lipids are molecules that contain hydrocarbons and make up the building blocks of the structure and function of living cells. They are different from carbohydrates and proteins because they do not dissolve in water.

Lipids can be divided into different categories such as Fatty Acids and Glycerol. They consists in different kinds of food, and can be extracted both from plants and animals.

SMALLEST UNIT POSSIBLE

The smallest lipids are composed of one glycerol molecule linked to three fatty acid molecules.

CARBS

Figs have a high content of sugars. Dried figs can contain as much as 64% sugars.

WHAT ARE CARBS?

Carbs, or carbohydrates, are molecules that have carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms.In nutrition. Carbs refers to one of the three macronutrients.

Dietary carbohydrates can be split into three main categories:

Sugars: Sweet, short-chain carbohydrates found in foods. Examples are glucose, fructose, galactose and sucrose.

Starches: Long chains of glucose molecules, which eventually get broken down into glucose in the digestive system.

Fiber: Humans can not digest fiber, although the bacteria in the digestive system can make use of some of them.

SMALLEST UNIT POSSIBLE

Glucose is the smallest unit of carbohydrates. Anything smaller than that would not be considered carbs.

PROTEINS

Tofu is a type of food containing a high amount of proteins, and can contain anything from 4g to 17g per 100g. Tofu is a great substitution for meat because of their high protein content.

WHAT ARE PROTEINS?

Proteins are large, complex molecules that play many roles in the body. They do most of the work in cells and are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body’s tissues and organs.

Proteins are made up of hundreds or thousands of smaller units called amino acids, which are attached to one another in long chains.

SMALLEST UNIT POSSIBLE

Amino acids is the smallest protein unit. Protein molecules are composed of different numbers of amino acids that make up the individual building blocks of protein. The sequence of the different amino acids, determines the composition of a specific protein.

MACRONUTRIENTS IN FOODS

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